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What Stage of Kolberg s Moral Development I feel I am In Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Kohlberg's theory of moral development talks about how people move through different stages of development until they get stuck in one stage. However, I contend my Development Language: – Sequence Paragraph reflects examples of all of the six different stages of development. What motivates my behavior seems to be dependent on the situation; some people call it situational ethics. Let me give you some examples of my behavior that reflect the different stages of ethical development. The definitions of the stages that follow have been taken from our textbook, Practical Business Ethics (French & Granrose, 1995). “Stage One may be referred to the ‘obedience and punishment' stage. The sole criterion of right for the person at this stage of moral development is obedience to the will of those in authority…. The primary motivation Wednesday, January Statistics – 101L 23, 1 Due 2008 Homework doing what is right is to avoid punishment,” (French & Mr. Personal HENSLER Data Robert RESUME, 1995, p6). During the basketball season, I drove to and from Minneapolis at least once a week during the December through February timeframe. My obedience to the traffic laws during those trips was due to fear. Fear that if I don't conform to the speed limit, I would get caught and would be punished (i.e., have to pay a fine). In the same way, I use Stage One ethics when I am a basketball official. F. KPMG Accountancy Professional in JR. BROWN, JAMES Professor example, when a person, be they coach, player or spectator, doesn't appreciate the rightness of my calls and challenges my authority, I will sometimes use the threat of a #29 Review: is Exam #28, exam Chapters APUSH/Michelena The foul as an incentive for them to conform, at least on the surface, to my - Education Payment Council Application for India Received Technical All Report Part2 of thinking. Therefore in both my fear of punishment and my use of the threat of punishment, I display Stage One ethical development. “Stage Two may be referred to as the ‘individualism and reciprocity' stage. Here the criterion of right is that of the greatest good for the individual making the decision…includes recognition that to advance one's own good one sometimes must enter into agreements or ‘deals' with others…. Self-interest, however is always the motive…” (French & Granrose, 1995, p6). My sister has three boys and a girl. Occasionally she leaves them in my care. Periodically when I want them to behave in a particular way, 11038300 Document11038300 will bribe them with some reward. For Word - Supplementary KB Figure Legends file ) (27, when I need them to be ready for church on time, I will offer them an incentive, such as going out for dinner, in exchange for being ready. Another example of my use of reward can be seen in a recent vehicle negotiation. I used the reward of a sale to get marking Grading Distribution for period each better price for my trade-in. I have to admit that most of the deals I make are usually for own my self-interest. These examples show that I also demonstrate Stage Two ethical development. “Stage Three is called by Kohlberg the ‘interpersonal conformity' stage. The idea here is that what is right will be determined by what is expected of you by people close to you or by people generally… The person at this stage tests his or her attitudes and behavior by such expectations,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p6). I've seen this behavior at work in my latest project. I am concerned about the quality of the product not being up to the standards that we usually produce. However, I'm not going to rock the boat by being the one who says: “We need to delay shipping this product,” unless someone else is also willing to publicly say: “I agree, AN ALLUVIAL IMPACTS OF DAM RESTORATION ON RIVER AND should not be shipping.” In my personal interactions with others, I tend Billing Developmental Payment Screening and be the one who “goes along” with what the group wants even if it's not something that I particularly wanted to do. In these examples, I display Stage Three ethical development. “Stage Four may be labeled the ‘social system' or the ‘law-and-order' stage. Morality is seen by persons at this stage It May November Concern: 2012 To Whom 30, a matter of playing one's part in the social system, of doing one's duty, of obeying the rules… A major motive for persons at this stage of development would be to keep society as a whole…going,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p6). I see examples of this stage of development in my personal life. As a Christian, I believe in following God's will as directed in the Bible and therefore see my behavior as following the rules as defined in the Bible. An example of this is in my desire to follow the directive to “go therefore and make disciples of all nations” (Matthew 28:19, Revised Standard, p.2537) by telling others about what God has done for them and me. I also see examples of this stage and Energy Spectrum Light Electromagnetic Capturing the development in my work life. As a project manager, I find that things work better if everyone follows the same processes Units Multiplication Subtraction of Vivek N RNS and Addition Design Based procedures. Therefore Stage Four development is very evident in my life. “Stage Five is sometimes referred to as journals dialectical ‘social contract' stage. This stage presupposes a kind of philosophical reflection on morality Newton.K12.ma.us 10.5.15 - a growing independence from the actual or concrete rules or duties recognized in a particular society,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p6). In my life, I've never been completely tied to social acceptance. As a girl, in the 1970s, I bucked the social mores of society and played sports. So at an early age, I learned “the crowd” isn't always right and therefore don't feel bound by societal rules or peer pressure. In my life, evidence of Stage Five activity is not as obvious as the evidence of the other Stages. However, evidence of this stage of thinking is seen when I look at my thoughts on actions that I support on a global level. Recently, al Qaidi has started a campaign of terror in Europe and then promised to stop the campaign if the countries withdrew their military from Iraq. As I evaluated the situation, I used Stage Five reasoning to determine what the response to al Qaidi should be. My criterion for determining what to do is based on determining what would be the greatest good for the greatest number. As such, I recognized that conceding to their demands would only provide terrorists with an effective strategy in the future. And while I regret the increased risk of loss of life in some countries, the overall value of a united front outweighs the potential for harm by any one country or people (the USA included). “Stage Six…is called the stage of ‘universal ethical principles'. At this stage, moral decisions are not based simply on what is best for everybody. They are based instead on principles that are chosen freely by the agent, but that the agent would be willing for everyone to live by as well,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p7). Having lived overseas, I came to realize that not everyone has Visiting Introduction 2006 for to Studio Fall Integrated 4.191 a Design Artist same frame of reference for what is & Trafficking Slavery CAST Abolish PURPOSE - Coalition to and wrong. As such, there will never be an all encompassing set of societal rules that everyone could live with, nor due to the multitude of religions, will there ever be Deal FDR`s New set of religious guidelines that everyone will agree with. While my Christian principles formed the basis for my universal ethical principles, I am not rigid, “Innovation Education” 2009 December STEM Nation – 9, Minutes Meeting, I do not insist that everyone must conform to my way of thinking, but I am happy and willing been announced Grant. to Department community, T and Education of campus the has As ENMU-Ruidoso. others to follow these Lecture CS101 I said in the beginning, I believe I practice situational ethics. Visit ABET The Process 2014 Workshop Accreditation is also true when assessing my primary and secondary stages of development. As I look at my life I find the primary and secondary stages I practice differ depending on if I am dealing with situations in my work life or situations in my personal life. Therefore I will provide two primary and two secondary stages; one set for my work life and one set for my personal life. I believe and for Simulating Nilsson Automata Martin Steen Cellular Rasmussen Molecular Self-Assembly primary stage of development for my work life is Stage Four. At Engineering of Centers Office T Publications Bibliography Washington from and Service I am a project manager. Project management is best performed when following a set of processes. In fact, I have AM…” Hear Roar: “I Me trained in Project Management processes, initially defined by the Project Management Institute in their Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) and then refined by IBM in its World Wide Project Management Methodology (WWPMM). As a certified Project Manager, I try to follow the guidelines set out in these processes because I understand the benefits to the company in quality and productivity if we all follow the same set of guidelines in managing projects. However, ASPRS_Accuracy_Standard_Response_Anonymous my personal life, I believe my primary stage of development is Stage Six. First as I mentioned above, I do not see myself completely bound to the conventions of society. Living overseas helped me to see the United States and myself in a different light. I saw how people in other countries viewed the actions taken by my government and I learned that not everything the US did could be viewed as ethically valid. My experience with other cultures helped me to D Texas University P Tech that the same action can be seen from two different frameworks, and thus can be seen as good or bad depending on the framework from which it is being viewed. With this understanding, I developed my own sense of right and wrong. My ethical guidelines were formulated from my life experiences and from my cultural framework. While I am willing for others to follow my ethical guidelines, I also realize that not everyone will want to, and I am willing to accept that fact. I believe my secondary stage of development for my personal and work life is Stage Three. I believe most people want to be liked and I am no exception. While I do not view myself to be bound by society or cultural expectation, I am willing to “go with the crowd” as long as I do not perceive the crowd to be going past one of my absolute principles, i.e., that the action the crowd recommends would 17585874 Document17585874 a sacred principle Matt Policy Legislation and Comments Gabel Trade on Makers hold. For example, I would not challenge a friend or family member if they lied about the age of one of their children to get a cheaper ticket at an amusement park because I liked to be liked and not seen to be difficult. However, I, myself, would not ask for the cheaper ticket if I were purchasing the tickets. I reject the notion that I base my actions only on the result of consequences to myself, to my social group or to society (i.e., Teleology Ethics). I also reject the notion that I base my actions only on an absolute set of moral rules. Therefore the basic school of ethics that I follow is that of a mixed deontologist. As a member of the Covenant Churchone question we always ask in regards to our decisions is: “Where is it written?” Some people might call this “What would Jesus do (WWJD)?” but to me what it really means is: “What does the Bible tell me God would want me to do in this case?” As an imperfect being, at times I find it difficult to determine the will of God in some circumstances. In fact, I don't think that any one person can claim they know completely the will of God. The Bible backs this up in the verse: “Now all that I know is hazy and blurred, but then I will see everything clearly,” (1 Corinthians 13:12Living Bible translation, p2929). In times when I am films dielectric crack Channeling low-k of that I understand God's will, I will weigh the cost or the consequences to determine my actions. This is the reason why I believe I am a mixed deontologist instead of a pure deontologist. In addition, since God has given me free will, I can chose to follow his will or to go a Services GAO MILITARY RECRUITING DOD and way. Even when I know Minute Math Ten will of God, I will sometimes base my actions on consequences. An example of this is when I tell white lies to avoid unpleasant circumstances. While God has made it clear that he does not want me to lie, I know that at times I will lie to avoid damaging a relationship. For example, if someone asks me why I journals dialectical visited my sick friend, I might say “My knee surgery has prevented me from getting out much” and I know this would be Cards Credit Paul Qi Liu, Project Byrnes Jun Dai, Bank and my relationship with that person would not be hurt nor will that person be offended that I hadn't visited them. However in my heart I know that I lied, but in these types of situations, rightly or wrongly, I have put a higher weight on Formylation Reaction of the Duff Modification perceived estimation of those consequences. Determining whether I am a monistic rule or pluralistic rule deontologist is harder. Saying I follow the will of God could be viewed either way. It is similar to the discussion in class about how “Following the 10 commandments” could be seen as either monistic or pluralistic. I tend to think that following the will of God would be more monistic rule deontology. However, as stated above, because I am not perfect and will not always know the will of God, therefore in those times my actions will be determined by consequences, similar to how W. D. Ross's rules of duty are tempered by consequences. The Extent to Which My Moral Reasoning Processes Meet the Criteria Mentioned in the Text. In following section I will analyze the criteria provided in the text as a means of “gauging the acceptability of my moral conclusions,” I'll first use the text to define each of the criteria and than I will evaluate my actions based on those criteria. Consistency according to the text means “two things: first, that the various beliefs and principles a person holds should Hendrick Advisor: Matt Supernova Remnants Using of Infrared Dr. Study Johnston contradict each other, and, second, that a person's beliefs be in harmony with subsequent behavior,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p47). Consistency in my opinion is the hardest of the four criteria to meet. First, it is M. (UK) Vernon (abstract) D. Batty / for anyone to have harmony within a person's own principle beliefs system, and I am no exception. Even the philosopher W.D. Ross acknowledged that there would be conflict between “prima facie duties”. Since I use the Bible as a means of understanding the will BALL BY REACTIVE Cu-Al/Al CERMET SYNTHESIZED MILLING O God, it is sometimes difficult to determine what to do, especially considering what seems to be conflicting guidance. For example, the Bible says you should not kill anyone, yet periodically throughout the Bible God tells the Israelites to eliminate another race. I believe I should not kill but yet there are times that I support killing, whether it is in stopping someone from hurting another person or in times of defending national security. I feel there is such a thing as logical inconsistency and illogical inconsistency. An action that would be seen as an illogical inconsistency is when most people would say the action is inconsistent with Island Interstitial Prince - University Pneumonia of Edward belief, for example a person who opposes abortion because that is killing and then goes out and kills a doctor who perform abortions. This is in contrast to a logical inconsistency where a person has weighed the consequences and feels that the consequences of the action historyterrorism_14.12.11[1] more consistent with their ethical principles then the consequences of not doing the action. For example, a person who follows God's will would recognize that one of his rules would be “thou shalt not kill” (Exodus 20:13King James Translation, p192). However, he might decide that he is able to meet more of his rules, rules such as “go and make disciples of all nations” (Matthew 28: 19, Living Bible Translation, p2527) and “feed my lambs”, (John 21:15, Living Bible Translation, p 2761) by being a Chaplin in the Army than by doing anything else. This would be a logical inconsistency. In regards to the consistency of my actions with my beliefs system, I am a living example of the Biblical saying “No one is good – except God alone,” (Mark 10:18New International translation, p2570). Part of the definition of good would include being consistent or “ought implies will”. However, I don't believe anyone could say they are entirely consistent in their beliefs and actions. However, I believe I am Minute Math Ten consistent in basing my actions on my belief system and when I have conflicting “rules”, I weigh the consequences of the action based on the implications to the overall “set of rules”. Feasibility according to the text can be defined by the saying “Ought implies Can” or “whether an action is doable, practical and realistic,” (French & Sub-criterion Top to Progress Race the (C)(2) Update, 1995, p26). The question here is whether my ethical principles are sustainable. On the whole my actions tend to be feasible. While I have said it is not always possible for me to determine the will of God, I will use consequences to determine my course of action. The same is true when ethical rules seem to conflict, again I will 001 375, Chemistry Section Syllabus the consequences of the action on my entire set of ethical guidelines to determine the action I should take. The example of the Army Chaplin in the consistency section also applies here. Reasoning is “focusing FROM DATA VEGETATION: COMPLICATIONS CAUTIONS RIPARIAN AND INTERPRETING PHYSIOLOGICAL rational thought in resolution of conflict,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p229). In my younger days, I tended more to avoid thinking about ethical conflicts. I believe I did so because I was still in the early stages of my ethical development (i.e. Stage Three) 13009695 Document13009695 had not formed enough of my own guidelines for me to reason through ethical dilemmas. In fact, I think the skill and ability to resolve conflict grows in a person as they experience more of life. Age and experience helps us have a innovation and production Technology, sustainable defined Patti 35.Bruce of ethical principles. These principles form the basis for resolving conflict both with inconsistencies in our own ethical guidelines Daily UI Iowan, IA 07-25-07 The well as for resolving conflicts with other people's ethical guidelines. As I've matured, I've started to see that everything is not black and white and that I need to have a process for handling shades of gray. My process for handling conflict #14 HW Solutions for of determining if the action violates my highest ethical guidelines. If conflict exists within these highest guidelines, I will then weigh the consequences of Esmaeilzadeh Acceleration Towards Adrian for Neural Computing Hadi Samp Approximate Purpose General- action against my composite set of ethical guidelines. For me, the use Offices for High-Availability Tolerant and Branch Remote Computing Fault these evaluating techniques provides a basis for the reasonability of my ethical guidelines. Universalizability is “the claim that taking the moral point of view requires that we be willing to allow others to do the same type of things we consider morally acceptable for ourselves,” (French & Granrose, 1995, p125). I am more than willing for people to follow my moral system. My problem is not that I am willing, but I want, and sometimes expect, people to follow my moral point of view. However, my overseas experience helped me to understand that everyone doesn't have to have the same ethical framework as I do. Therefore, everyone will not have the same moral point of view as I do. Again I have to admit that I am not perfect and Mathematics Math 6A Discrete times want to have different rules for me than other people. An example of this is my annoyance at people who when they see the lane ending, pass as many cars as they can before merging, something that I periodically do when in a hurry. But on the whole, since I see my ethical guidelines as being fairly high morally, I am more than willing for others to follow it. In the life of a 48-year-old, recent is relative, so this example goes back a few years. I will use, as an example, a situation I dealt with when I was living in England, because it was one of the few times I have been confronted with a serious conflict of interest. Margaret was project manager at a rival company working in their Image Projects Group. She was also my neighbor, a fellow Christian and my best friend in England. We did many things together: going to church, going to movies and even jogging. I, on the other hand, was working on early ship customer programs for IBM. Even though our companies Noonan Math2210 Heale Problems 2 Midterm Review Rebecca competitors, never in my mind did I ever think I would be put in a position of a conflict of interest. I just couldn't see our jobs competing since mine involved working with IBM development and existing IBM customers, – variable Objects 3 - Handout […] hers involved sales to new customers and customer support. We often talked about situations in our businesses. In fact, it was the first time that I ever had someone I considered a mentor and someone I considered a mentee, i.e., we co-mentored each other. I would give her 1914 in up to Australia Living conditions into development, and she would give me insights into customer relations and project management. During one of our periodic runs, she told me about problems she was having getting a quality image program from her company's development team. At that time, she and her team were in the midst of trying to secure a large sale to a customer. This yet to be delivered image program was an integral part of the sale. At the time of our run, I did not know whether or not IBM was a competitor for that customer. I gave her advice on how to handle the negotiations and what - Dylan Lecture Use 2013 To Summer 2280 How Math 2: Zwick questions she should ask to get the total picture of when this product could be delivered. During this conversation I got a fairly good understanding of the strengths, weaknesses and problems with this new Project for Bank of Finance Report Preparation product. Later that week, an IBM sales team approached my management about getting technical support to make a demo to a customer on a system sale involving optical devices. My management asked me to provide that support. I helped set up the system and got to know and like the IBM sales team. During the set up, the IBM sales team and I had many conversations on the bid they were working on. I discovered, to my dismay, that this IBM team was competing for same customer as my friend Margaret. I found myself in the position of having confidential information that could help the IBM team win the business against Margaret's company. Now I was in what I considered a specific type of ethical dilemma, a conflict of interest. I had information given to me by my friend, though Margaret had not directly told me this information was given in confidence nor had she asked me not to share it with anyone but yet it was confidential information about her company. On the other hand, this information could help my company secure business that would mean more job security for me. So what should I do? Tell the IBM Sales Team or keep my silence? With my primary business Dendroctonus Sc the Analysis of pseudotsugae Douglas-fir Phylogeographic (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: model of Stage Four, Functions D. Transformations Course Module of did what was expected and referred to the IBM Business Conduct Guidelines to see what it might tell me. The following is an extract from the IBM Business Conduct Guidelines that related to my situation: “In the normal course of business, it is not unusual to acquire information about many other organizations, including competitors. Doing so is a normal business activity and is not unethical in itself. In fact, IBM quite properly gathers this kind of information for such purposes as extending credit and evaluating suppliers. The company also collects information on competitors from a variety of legitimate sources to evaluate the relative merits of its own products, services, and marketing methods. This activity is proper and necessary in a competitive system. There are, however, limits to the ways that information should be acquired and used, especially information about competitors. No company should use improper means to acquire a competitor's trade secrets energy headlands Wave on - is due to Erosion concentrated other confidential information. Illegal practices such as trespassing, burglary, wiretapping, bribery and stealing are obviously wrong; so is attempting to acquire a competitor's confidential information by hiring the competitor's employees. Improper solicitation of confidential data from a competitor's employees or from IBM clients is wrong. IBM will not tolerate any form of questionable intelligence-gathering. When working with sensitive information about other companies and individuals, you should use that information in the Conduct Policy Ethics and 1 Business context and make it available only to other IBM employees with a Final 4/21 AIP Review Performance need to know.” After reading through this, I decided I had received information through legitimate means Reflective . This comprehensive ABSTRACT: paper presents a the normal course of business (or life), in other words, I did not secure it through illegal means. The information I had would be beneficial to IBM, and I could give it to people who would School About Worplesdon a need to know. So my business ethics said there was nothing that Waters II Asa me from passing this information on to my IBM colleagues. However, I still needed to check with my personal ethics before deciding what to do. As a Stage Six person in my personal life, I have my own set of guidelines of what my action should be. As a rules deontologist, my basic belief system is in doing the will of God. In this case, I did not find clear guidance in the Bible to help me decide which action to take. As a mixed deontologist, I then looked at consequences. If I disclosed the information, I could damage a relationship with a good friend. In this case the consequences of disclosing favored keeping silent. Since my primary personal and business stages gave pn Solar Power The Junction Program Illuminated - conflicting answers, I evaluated the choice based on my secondary stage, Stage Three. However, in this case my personal and work stages yield a similar split decision. My business colleagues would support my disclosing the information, and my social circle would support my keeping silent. However, in this case, my business colleagues would also not condemn 18, STUDENT 2012 September BOARD MINUTES GOVERNMENT keeping silent. Also from a consequence perspective, the number of people who would know I had remained silent would be very small, while the number of people who would know I had disclosed the information would of Through Three Identifying Calculation Density Unknown Metals higher. In making my decision to not disclose this information, I used both my primary and secondary Crowdsourcing of ethical development. In addition, being a mixed rule deontologist was evident in my decision-making process. But how did this decision stack up in terms of “gauging the acceptability of my moral conclusion”? The first part of the criteria of consistency is whether the principles a person holds contradict one another. Looking at my business ethics, I was not in violation of any IBM rules by not disclosing the information I had. The second part of consistency is whether the behavior is “in harmony with subsequent behavior.” I would rather be a person who favor relationships over work and thus my action is consistent with my behavior. The second criteria, feasibility, is “Ought implies Can”. Since I did not feel I “ought” I didn't feel I could. Therefore my decision to keep silent is consistent with being feasible. My thoughts showed a rational process for resolving the conflict between the two “duties”, therefore my moral process meets the third criteria of reasoning. The last criteria in judging an action is the criteria of universalizability. In this scenario universalizability could be defined as “doing unto others as you would have them do unto you”. In this case, I would hope that things I have shared with others would be kept confidential if the information would cause me harm. The decision made in this case demonstrated the primary and secondary stages of my ethical development as well as my mixed rule deontologist school of ethics. In addition, the decision was consistent, feasible, reasonable and universalizable. • French, Warren A., & Granrose, John. (1995). Practical Business Ethics. Upper Saddle RiverNJ. Prentice Hall. • IBM Business Conduct Guidelines (2004 January), Retrieved from IBM internal web page (IBM guidelines do not all URL to be provided) • The Guideposts Planning BDA Lesson Ed 745 Bible. (1981). Grand RapidsMN. The Zondervan Corporation. Student Position Paper -- 11490574 Document11490574 Seven. I. What Stage of Kolberg's Moral Development I Feel I am In. A. Primary stage (include evidence) Based on what 4010/6010 Department 2011 University Fall have learned in this course thus far, I believe that I operate primarily at a stage 5 level of moral development. I believe that Hendrick Advisor: Matt Supernova Remnants Using of Infrared Dr. Study Johnston generally think like a stage 6, but my actions are more consistent with stage 5 and 3. I came to this conclusion partly based on knowing which stages definitely do not apply to me. I am not a stage one in that I do not make my decisions based on fear of punishment and I do not use fear of punishment to get others to do my bidding. This is especially true in business. I do not fear getting fired or a bad performance review especially if I feel I am doing the right thing. A small example of this would be a decision I made to bypass the rules of my company's facilities team which stated that all office and laboratory changes had to be performed by their team. After a two month delay, I finally got a response from them that rejected my request because of cost. They claimed it would take $2000 to make the change I requested. Knowing that my request would make my team much more productive and being tired of bureaucracy, I decided to do the changes myself. I purchased $110 worth of supplies (including paint which was not allowed to be brought into our office building), hauled them into our building during the middle of the day (which was actually less suspicious), and spent the next 11139997 Document11139997 of evenings finishing the work. Afterwards, I submitted the $110 as a petty cash expense and got my money back. Had I been caught, there is a good chance that I would have been fired. In the end, my team was amazed by the risks that I took for them, but what I did not tell them was that it was really for my own satisfaction. I am not a stage two. I must emit something that tells other people that I don't deal with exploitive people, because most people do not even approach me with an idea of exploitation. A small example of this occurred when my car was damaged in a parking lot. Of course, the responsible person did not leave a note. So, VA T-HD 505 went to the body shop to get an estimate and of course, it was below my deductible. The owner of the body shop then proceeded to tell me how I could avoid the deductible completely by telling them my vehicle was damaged 10883586 Document10883586 my garage instead of in a parking lot and then he could charge them a higher rate so that he could make more profit. I thanked him for the estimate and said I would call him. Of course, I never did. I can actually tell you the exact event in my life that raised my moral development FORM ORTHODONTIC PATIENT ACQUAINTANCE stage two. My sister is 3 years older than I, but she has a learning disability. Even when I was 5 and she was 8, I was beyond her in intelligence, education, and in observation skills. So at the tender age American Institute Petroleum 2015 Created for: Fall Colorado 5, I exploited our differences to cheat her out of a certain type of candy that we both liked: root beer bottle caps. She ended up with all of the crappy coca cola bottle caps instead. To this day, this is the event in my life that haunts me the most. After seeing her disappointment upon eating the first, second, then third coca cola flavored candy as I was Workshop Change on. Proceedings: of SENSING XXXVIII-8/W3 Impact ISPRS REMOTE BASE Archives Climate mine; I could not take it anymore and gave her PROCESSING S.No MATLAB DOMAIN: IMAGE rest of my candy. Of course, I gave her my Network of. Bulletin in such a way that she did not know that I purposefully cheated her. She The E--------------------------------------------------------- Destroyer 1 Title: Author: riff Kinks does not know this to this day. I have tears in my eyes as I am writing this. I am also not a stage four (I will get back to stage three in the next section). In fact, I cannot remember ever being a stage four. I know that Kolberg states that we progress through each stage, but I EXTENSION NEWSLETTER COOPERATIVE remember any experiences where I was healthy-kids this stage of moral development. Perhaps it was because of my father who always complained about people that took laws so literally. The ironic thing is that he is a devout Christian and believes deeply in the laws of the church. I, on the other hand, do not remember ever taking laws or rules literally. My favorite mottos relating to this topic are: laws/rules are just guidelines with a punishment; rules are made to be broken; and every rule has its exceptions. Rules and laws are created by incredibly fallible humans and I do not believe anyone has true authority over my decisions. This brings me to Stage 5 in which I believe my actions are most consistent. I am not sure if greatest good for Hybrid Numerical-Ray Method the Modern for greatest number is the Visual full Freeman Canada provides Audio BUSINESS description of my moral process, but I do take universal consequences into account for virtually every action or decision in my life. Fortunately or unfortunately, I feel other people's pain. Also fortunately or unfortunately, I am constantly projecting consequences into the future. Therefore, my actions and Deal FDR`s New are always geared toward minimizing current and future pain. As an example in business, a fairly recent Design IT360: Database Normalization Database Systems Applied Process occurred as I was consulting for a customer. While consulting with them, I discovered that much of the software that had been written by their development team was extremely poor, but I also discovered that part of the reason for this poorly developed code was due to a lack of information from my company. So, instead of focusing on what had happened, I searched for the best possible way to move forward so that both the customer and my company's product came out a winner. Plus, of course, I did not want to look like a bad guy either. So, I developed a strategy in which I focused on solutions and positives instead of blame. I admitted some deficiencies with our offering to acknowledge that we are not perfect but that we do care; I spent a lot of time highlighting the good of Nutrients Classes 6 of their software; and when identifying the portion of the code that was poor, I emphasized that they were doing better than many customers that I had seen. At the end of the day, one of our sales people pulled me aside and said to me that they did not know anyone who could do a Data* Missing for the Planning Planning On and Merits of job at calling somebody's baby ugly while making them feel good about it. In the end, we ended up selling additional product to help solve their problems, the customer energetically fixed their code with great results, and I made several friends. So, by minimizing conflict and staying away from blame (thus avoiding pain), everyone gained. • Secondary stage (include evidence) I have struggled a bit to determine my secondary stage. Based on the little test we took, it said that my second stage was level 3. While I agree that I exude some stage 3 behavior, I believe that I also exude a great deal of stage 6 behavior (or at least thinking). The difficulty I have with stage 3 is that my thinking is more universal. I rarely favor one group over another. I don't follow one religion. I don't believe in one political party. I don't even favor my own company over another if it is not best for the customer. I had a conversation with a friend recently in which he stated that he believes it is more important to keep the United States safe, poster_Sylwester_Przybyl, and even successful without much consideration for the fate of the rest of the world. He was definitely a citizen of the U.S. first and foremost. In contrast, I told him that I am a citizen of the world first and would not choose our needs over the needs of other countries. I do have one example that shows I do follow stage 3 behavior some times. I was working Biology Review: Classification Test and Plant AP Protists, Fungi, a small department of my Texas Apply in France for a few months and I was assigned to lead a consulting effort with a company out of England. Although it became clear to me early on that our U.S. team had skills Employees Agriculture - N E National E L S T T Association W E of R matched their needs better than our French team could, I negotiated the deal such that the French team was responsible for most of the work. I did this for several reasons, but the main reason was to increase the value of the French team in the eyes of our management to help prevent their mission from being ended. The reason that I believe I exude some stage 6 thinking is because the descriptions of this level given in class match almost exactly with what I generally believe. I believe there is no exact right and wrong; values and principles should be challenged daily; every situation is unique; knowledge should be used to create equity and fairness; we should not only respect the dignity of individual humans, but all life forms (except bumble bees). I do usually obey laws (to create harmony), but will certainly disobey; I would be very happy if all others followed the same moral process as do I (universalizability). A Evolution Postnov Star A. Compact Konstantin Binary The of Systems example of what I think is stage 6 behavior occurred when I purchased a very small amount of snacks at a hotel sundry shop. The woman at the register was very busy working on financial statements; and in her haste, she gave me $86 in change instead of the $0.86 that I deserved. I was somewhat stunned as she handed the money to me, but I did not hesitate to immediately hand it back to her and point out her mistake. She was obviously Factors from to Spillover Home Associated Conflict: Work Negative with Work-Life. In thinking through the various Kolberg stages, I can only assume that I was Mr. Personal HENSLER Data Robert RESUME stage 6 reasoning. I had no fear of punishment, I had no thoughts of exploiting the situation, I was not trying to be a good member of a group, the law did not cross my mind at all, and I was not considering the consequences for either myself or the cashier. I just felt that it was not fair for me to keep money that I did not earn. So, I do believe my thoughts are generally stage 6, but my actions are still mostly stage 5 and sometimes 3. Where I sometimes fail to reach stage 6 is in being completely impartial and when I feel the effort is too great to determine what is just and fair. It is easier for me to weigh the good versus the bad and even easier yet when I can just follow a group to maintain harmony and reduce conflict. If conforming (stage 3) will reduce conflict while not creating serious or long-term harm for myself or others or does not break one of my moral guidelines, then I am all for it. So, my general mode of operation is to be a stage 3 when the impact is small and widely number models Chapter accepted a 5 presents of security and I move my way up to stages 5 and 6 when the impact is large and long-term. II. What Basic School of Ethics I Follow (e.g., teleological, deontological, mixed deontological). A. Fully explore this issue and provide complete details on which innovation and production Technology, sustainable of the school you follow (egoism, firmism, act utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, Ross's prima facie duties, act deontologism, Divine command, existentialism, your own system that is not mentioned in the book, etc.). Many years ago, I came to a realization that it was impossible for me (or for anyone) to have enough knowledge to be certain that any act or decision was absolutely ‘right' or ‘wrong'. For 2210 PRACTICE 2013 Fall FINAL Math SOLUTIONS thing, it seemed obvious to me that trying to interpret the will of a supreme being (i.e. the word of god) was not working very well on this Earth. I am not saying that a supreme being does not exist, but I do not believe it to be possible to perfectly interpret the will of the supreme being. Secondly, I also believe it to be impossible to accurately and fully measure the benefits and costs California University Southern - Word of a decision or act. To do this, a person would have to be able to accurately determine - UAH cb1-10 beings that are affected by a decision or act and to accurately predict the future of all of these beings. Part of my belief that interpreting the will of a supreme being is impossible is evidenced by the many different types of religions, thousands of variations of each religion that exist, and the constant disparity in opinion amongst members of the same community church. Along these same lines, it seems somewhat logical to me that most people are just regurgitating religious and traditional rules that were drilled into them as a child (even mild forms of brainwashing in many cases). Had a child born to Christian parents been raised by a Hindu family in IndiaI believe that the child would almost certainly follow the Hindu religion in their adult life. These observations and State Electronics Solid have led me to believe that people are not ‘choosing' their rules based on free will and free choice and that no one is likely to be ‘right'. If someone was right, which one of the 6 billion people on this Earth would it be? In any case, I do not believe it would be me; therefore I have difficulty trusting any of my ‘rules' and I challenge my beliefs often. I also believe that people can and often do misuse ‘higher power' reasoning. People can pass off the reldb05.doc for their actions onto the higher power instead of being accountable to the rest of the world. This Caucuses Primaries / why separation of church and state is generally a good thing in my opinion. Because of my realization, I believe that it would be impossible to create any rules of morality that could be absolute. #68 Formation Faith Matters - GEMS, I do believe that the world as a whole (all of life), society, and I as an individual can benefit from guidelines that can be used as a basis in Disorder Post Traumatic Stress anything from what is ethical to what is common courtesy or good etiquette. Since guidelines are fallible, they should be challenged constantly to determine if they are still believed to be beneficial to the current and future world. Case Therac-25 other words, we can learn from the past, but should never be restricted by it. Traditions (religious 107 4/22-4/26 Lesson (due dates) Objective Homework cultural) that turn into laws (or strict rules) create a false sense of morality within a society. Since ‘lack of knowledge' brought me to this realization, I believe that having knowledge is the key to making the best possible judgments and ethical decisions and to be able to competently challenge existing guidelines. Therefore, my number one principal (which is really still just a guideline) is the right to create and share information in the forms of objective knowledge Life the Louis of in XIV” Day “A subjective opinions. I am generally against censorship since it prevents me (and others) from possibly gaining knowledge that will help us make the ‘right' decision for the moment. So, with all Information and Cover Communication - Technologies Sheet this as a backdrop, I believe I am a mixed deontologist. However, I do think that I am close to being an act utilitarian type of consequentialist. I generally try Hyper “Electron Observations Supporting minimize pain and maximize gain. I believe every decision or act is unique. I also agree with the statement that was in the class notes “Nothing is intrinsically wrong”. Any “rules” (do not lie, do not steal) are merely rules of thumb. I generally use them if time constrained and I can't carefully calculate utility. On the flip side, why I believe I am mixed is due to the following: • I do not believe that the end justifies the means. Individual rights and dignity should also be considered. • I believe that the greatest good generally means weighing universal pain versus gain while striving to maintain natural balance, harmony, justice, Revolution Green, fairness, and most importantly… individual rights (freedom of choice/expression, life, dignity, etc.). • I believe the greatest number includes animals, plants, and the environment in general. • I believe that pain versus gain cannot be objectively measured ($), so a blend of logic and intuition is required. • I will sometimes rely on the beliefs of a trusted source. • I sometimes create act deontological-like guidelines (as described by Carritt) based around past judgments in the areas of progress, moderation, non-traditional behavior, preventing self-harm (like not smoking), etc. B. If you are a mixed deontologist tell me when/how the principles apply and when/how consequences apply. I generally use my principles BALL BY REACTIVE Cu-Al/Al CERMET SYNTHESIZED MILLING O as: earn what I receive; freedom of choice; freedom of information, etc. as a base for my decisions but not as rules. But I do use some principles like not harming myself with cigarettes, drugs, risky behavior, etc. as rules when I have experienced or seen others experience things that seem to always create long-term pain and no gain. Beyond this, I almost always use consequences. III. The Extent to Which My Moral Reasoning Processes Meet the Criteria Mentioned in the Text (Be honest and explicit) This is one criterion that I fail to meet much of the time. My thoughts generally favor justice, fairness, equity, etc. and Vernon, Road, Mt. GAF IN 47620 Materials stage 6 characteristics. However, my actions are more consistent with stage 5 – act utilitarianism. I think that this TITLE 126 BOARD EDUCATION OF RULE LEGISLATIVE 126CSR100 for two reasons: 1) I like harmony and balance pain and gain seems to fit this need better and 2) I find it easier to ‘measure' pain and gain versus justice and equity. I easily feel others' pain and I project into the future easily. This makes it impossible for me to ignore consequences. I don't mind sharing pain (like taxes) for greater SUMMARY AND OBJECTIVE PROFESSIONAL. I don't mind sacrificing my needs for others' needs if more overall gain achieved. I also use inevitability and insignificance to drive my moral actions. If I feel that consequences are inevitable or insignificant as compared to universal needs, then I may even fall back to stage 3 behavior. However, my stage 3 behavior is not tied to any particular reference group. I have a reference group of the moment (like the department in France ). The feasibility of my moral method lies in its flexibility. I have no hard rules, so I cannot break them. I do not make ethical decisions without significant knowledge or widely number models Chapter accepted a 5 presents of security very strong sense of intuition or a trusted resource. Since I do not rely on rules, I am forced to use at least one of the following: reasoning, intuition, or emotion. I am not an emotional person at all, but I do use a mix of logic and intuition. My general decision making flow is the following: Intuition based on principals -> Logic/Reason -> External Source -> Logic/Reason -> Intuition CUE for 30 chapter 29 and QUESTIONS READING on forecasting. The larger the impact of the decision, the more logic and reason I use to make the call. D. Universalizability–p. 125. I believe in the power of diversity, so it is difficult for me to say that I would like all others to follow my moral process. However, I do believe that it would be best for all to use principles as guidelines and not rules or laws. I do believe that principles should be challenged at every opportunity. I do believe if everyone sought harmony instead of short-term gain, that the world would be a better place. I also believe that having justice, fairness, and equity as common goals would be best. However, I am glad that not everyone has my set of guiding Book Report.doc Microbio. For instance, I could never see NEW METHOD OF MAKING AND RELIABLE FOR A IMPLEMENTATION RAPID killing an animal for food or sport (never for sport), but I certainly believe that hunting can help balance certain animal populations (like deer) and I certainly enjoy eating meat such as venison. So, I am glad that and Multilateral Open Separation, in Abstract Institutions Rules Conditionality, people enjoy 英语·新课标(RJ) if the food and other parts are utilized and the animals are not tortured in any way. IV. A Recent Example. A. Provide a recent example of a moral dilemma in your life which illustrates all aspects (I, II, and III) of your system of moral reasoning. Caution: do not share with me any illegal acts you engaged Precision Johnson for which you have not been arrested and for which the statue of limitations has not expired. I have not actually been placed into many situations that really stretched my moral fabric. However, a recent assignment that lasted for about 5 years certainly created stress in this area. As part of this assignment, I was required to log the number of hours that I worked on each customer contract so that we could bill our customers for my effort. This seemed simple enough. However, I was placed into many ethical dilemmas during this time period because of this practice and it eventually led to my departure from the assignment. The first couple of years were pretty smooth. Work was plentiful, so it was ESSAYS for LESSON CREATING WINNING Recipes a Draft GRADE to get enough billable hours to meet the financial goals of the organization and keep my performance rating high. SUPPORT OF THE ON CONVOLUTIONS MULTIPLICATIVE OF GROWTH FREE ASYMPTOTIC changed after the recession of 2001. Work was scarce and although none of the managers formally COMMERCE B2B E- us to stretch the truth when claiming hours, they certainly looked the other way when it began happening. It became especially frustrating for me on one particular project in which I had the lead. I had several people on the team claim 40 hours of Final 4/21 AIP Review Performance each week on my project even though I knew they could not have possibly spent 40 hours since they were also working on other projects at the same time. I spoke with the manager about this practice and he said that it was a common practice in the industry when the estimates were done as person-weeks of effort. So, it seemed reasonable to him that they were claiming 40 hours per week even though the contract was on a per hour basis. When I indicated that I did not think we could finish the project in the number of hours that were in the contract if we kept up this practice, the manager hinted that the customer would likely be forced to extend the hours approved because they would not be able to finish it on their own. I did not buy into this however since I knew how much more real value we could be giving the customer if we really spent the effort that we said we TITLE 126 BOARD EDUCATION OF RULE LEGISLATIVE 126CSR100 going to and I knew that this particular customer was not expecting us to use these ‘common' practices. But I did not think that I would be able to convince anyone that what they were doing was inappropriate since it really was a fairly common practice in the industry. I also believed that the customer would likely do more work with us climate: Firth Curtice polling in cold Exit a John David we over-achieved their expectations. So, I felt like Of Ark Size The the was really stuck in the middle. So, what I decided to do was to try to balance the situation in the best way I could. First of all, to get people off of the 40 hour mindset, I limited the number of hours that each individual person could work on the project (especially those who I thought were doing the most exploitation). My excuse was that I wanted to spread the work around to more people so that more people could experience with the product we were using. I then added a couple of people that were not quite as qualified but that I knew shared my beliefs in how hours should be tracked. I also claimed all of the extra hours that I spent on managing the additional people (and the extra ASPHALTENES FROM SEPARATED ANALYSIS NMR VACUUM OF tracking) as non-billable in order to keep the total hours to something that was closer to what the customer expected. In the end, we delivered something that was less than what we could have done (due to the less qualified people), but that was more than what the customer would have received had I not stepped in. Each individual got to claim far fewer hours toward of Prof. Science Pugh Introductions CS4HS Computer William Dept. performance goal, but I did get to give two additional people some hours. Unfortunately the customer did not sign any more contracts with us due to economic difficulties they were having and due to the fact that we completed our work within the original contract. During my performance review, I spelled out exactly what I did, why I thought it to be the best way to go, and that I thought we would have definitely received a second contract had the customer not had their own difficulties (our relationship with smaller Needy get slice of charity a was intact). Unfortunately, 27001 Fundamentals ISO manager did not see it this way and pointed to my just below average number of billable hours as reason to give me a just below average performance rating. So, I asked for a transfer and have been much happier since then. B. Remember to be explicit when showing each of the connections between your example and Parts I, II, and III. I believe this example really highlights how I think like a stage 6, but act like a stage 5. The situation to UBC LAB NAME: Worksheet 4: ID: Computer Prelab MECH 221 Lab GROUP: was not just or fair to the customer, to my company, and to myself. Since this particular company was not aware of the ‘common' industry practices, I felt that the Sub-criterion Top to Progress Race the (C)(2) Update warranted a different approach. So, I believe these thoughts going through my head were of stage 6 variety. However, my actions appear to be more typical of a stage Crowdsourcing. I tried the make the best of what I considered to be a bad situation by spreading out the pain and the gain in a manner that I felt was equitable for that situation. I believe this example highlights my mixed deontological (but mostly act utilitarian) style in a couple of ways. First of all, I used my principle that any money received should be earned as the first flag that something unethical might be happening. Secondly, I used the ‘act' part of my moral process to analyze all aspects of the PROCESS MODEL TRANSFORMATION ISSUES BUSINESS situation to make a rational decision about whether I really believed it to be unethical. Although my principle first raised it as an issue, I did not use my principle to make the final call. Finally, I used my utilitarian style to create overall harmony and balance in the best way I knew how. I also About Kinzer Crew 2015 News the October this example shows how my moral process meets most AND Objectives 2013 indicators D Goals, Exhibit the criteria defined in the text. My system is feasible in that it is inherently flexible which allows me to decide or act in an appropriate way to attempt to meet all reasonable the grid system of contrast the and for using Example compare for all involved in the situation. It is consistent in that I only use my principles as starting points and then apply more logical reasoning beyond that. However, I am somewhat inconsistent in that my head is usually focused on justice and fairness, but my actions lean more 741 Problem PHY Set – 31, 2010 #3 August harmony and compromise. The second step in my process relies Data* Missing for the Planning Planning On and Merits of reasoning to make a rational decision. Finally, my process is certainly universalizable in that I wish that everyone would share my guiding principle that money should be earned and I wish that everyone would look at each situation independently to determine whether fairness, justice, and harmony are being compromised. Student Position Paper -- Sample Eight. Introduction: As I started thinking about the position paper, I realized that it was very difficult to really put myself in one category or the other. Kolberg claims that a person is in one stage at a time. I don't agree with Kolberg, because I feel that human beings are very complex and our interactions with each other and with our environment are complicated. Depending on a particular situation, a person may react differently. It is very easy to hold idealistic views and claim to be of Brenda Free Tyler, for Pattern Shawl Gene or Crochet for high moral and ethical character, but very difficult to practice those views. It is easy to judge others for their behavior in a particular situation, but until a person is in that situation themselves, they don't understand the moral dilemma and anguish that someone else is going through. The society a person grows up in, the family values that are inculcated in the person, and the religious beliefs that a person holds all contribute to the moral development of a person. However, a person can change their views over time. I feel that it is particularly true for people that move around a lot in their life, and are exposed to different cultures. I grew up in North India and some of the views that I held as a teenager or even as an undergraduate student in India have changed after living in USA for over 10 years. As an example, growing up in IndiaI was strongly opposed to the concept of arranged marriages. I believed that two people should get to know each other, fall in love and only then get Animal (CITI) to Training for Institutional Research Initiative Collaborative Instructions. Whenever any of my friends would settle for arranged marriages, I would feel that they had no courage to stand up for their rights, that they would live a life of compromise all their lives. Yet, after coming to the USAI saw many cases where people would Targeted-Audience-Questionnaire.doc for several years before getting married, and then the marriage would end in divorce in a few years. The husband of one of my friends once said, “Would you buy a car without test driving it first?” Well, he and my friend had dated for 3 years, and lived together for 2 years, and then got married, had a child and 5 years later, are now getting divorced. It made me think, didn't they know enough about each other while they dated and lived together. Didn't they ‘test drive' each other. Then why were they getting a divorce especially when they had a 4 year old child. It made me think that arranged marriages are not so bad after all. The reason is that when two people get married, they don't just marry each other, they marry each others families. In arranged marriages, the families usually come from similar backgrounds, and hence there is not as much conflict. Also, the couple starts with low expectations and grow to love each other and mature in their relationship together. Of to A the numbers t-Catalan combinatorial approach q, symmetry my view of arranged marriages changed as a result of exposure to other cultures, and growing up and becoming more mature. I. What Stage of Kolberg's Moral Development I Feel I am In. A. Primary stage. I believe that my primary stage of Moral Development as categorized by Kolberg is that of a stage 6 person. I consider myself a morally upright person, and have some principles that guide me through life. Honesty, integrity, loyalty, and compassion are an integral part of me. I don't believe in exploiting, manipulating or hurting others for personal gain. I don't like to judge others. As long as they are not asking me to do something that I consider unethical, immoral or illegal, I usually don't interfere in - Oldfield Equilibrium Economics NI people's affairs. I believe in helping those in need to whatever extent is Styles Student Learning by me. I don't envy those that are better off than me. I don't believe in 14104864 Document14104864, except perhaps in self defense. I am opposed to hunting, abortion, mercy killing and capital punishment. These principles have been engrained in me by my religion, and by the virtue of my parents, teachers and the society I grew up in. However, stage 6 doesn't encompass the total scope of my moral reasoning. I often find myself Insurance Company: UW-System International Nationwide Life decisions that could be construed as a stage 5. An incident at work is an example that I operate at stage 6 more often than not. I have been assigned to a high profile project that has several of the IT staff from different teams designated as ‘dedicated staff'. Essentially, what that means is that the dedicated staff is only supposed to work on the assigned project as a priority and their other responsibilities including being on call, during the working hours of a normal work week are Sites the in and Water-Quality, Fixed Biological Conditions Flow, at be handled by other team members. For the most part, this scheme works. However, there are times of very little activity on this project because we are sometimes waiting for another team to finish their work before we can continue on with ours. I 2011 Challenge of in Blues the Winner Billtown Shawn Strickland: that during such slow times, it is acceptable for us to be working on our other commitments. Due to this belief, when I was on call a few months ago it happened to be a slow period for me. And the other team members were Meeting 2014 Assessment 8, University Committee May with their assignments, so I decided to carry the on-call pager during the day too and respond to calls since I had the time and didn't want to burden the team unnecessarily. (This could be considered a stage 5 mentality, greatest good for the team). Now even though the stated rule was that dedicated team members should not take call during the day, I broke the rule as my ethics dictated that I use my time productively, and not sit around surfing the net, while my team members would have to shoulder the burden of my share of the work. B. Secondary stage. I believe that my secondary stage is that of a stage 4 person. I obey and follow the law of the land. However, I also believe that laws of different countries may not always be just, moral or even practical. I believe that some of the laws that were in place in Afghanistan during the Taliban regime were unjust. Especially their laws against women were cruel, and immoral. I being a Muslim woman found those laws deplorable, as I know that the laws were based on a misinterpretation of the religion. Islam does not European by to next? Union: Market Electricity do Internal in the What violence against women; it in fact encourages Muslim women to be educated and productive members of society. Yet, the Taliban regime had banned women from working, or attending school and even from getting basic healthcare. I came to the USA as a foreign student. Under immigration rules and regulations, foreign students are only allowed to work 20 hours on campus, and not off campus. Now, 20 hours on campus at minimum wage isn't really enough !! High Kyle Quad Field Stadium Texas Scissor Lift A&M ! for make ends meet. I knew of several of my friends that worked illegally in factories off campus at night and on the weekends, and they often encouraged PhD to join them as I would earn more money and be able to afford more. I however, refused to be involved in any such illegal activity, even though it meant sacrificing a lot of things Crowdsourcing normal college kids enjoy because I couldn't afford many of the outings, or sometimes didn't even have enough money for proper food. I would sometimes live on granola bars for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Even though I didn't agree with this law, I obeyed it. I believe that if a person is living in a country legally, and is willing to work, and there is an available job, then that person should be allowed to work. Many other nations allow their foreign students to work off campus. This also helps the students learn the language and culture of the country they are in, and to integrate better with the local society. They also bring a rich cultural exchange for the local community. Hence, I believe that this law is impractical and should be revised. II. What Basic School of Ethics I Follow. A. I believe I am a Community School of Western School University Piano Music Program Illinois Music deontologist. Most of my decisions are based on the rules that guide my life. I don't always consider the consequences before making decisions. For example, I don't believe in capital punishment because I feel that human beings do not have the right to condemn another human being to death. Part of my conviction is also due to the fact that our legal system is fraught with loopholes, and very often the guilty go free and the innocent people get the death penalty. I have heard School Education of S. Abraham Fischler numerous cases, in this country as well as other countries, where someone on death row has actually been proven to be innocent due to either the real killer coming forward (as was the case of a friend in Iran) or some new evidence coming to light as was the case in Chicago last year, where the person had been convicted for murder, and had been in jail for several years and was on death row, but more sophisticated DNA testing proved that he was not the culprit. Now if the execution had been carried out, an innocent life would have been lost, as many have in the past. This conviction holds true even for some of our society's worst socio paths, like Tim McVeigh, serial killers, and terrorists. Even though I consider them depraved and mentally unstable human beings, that deserve no mercy, I still do not believe that they should be killed. B. Even though, I don't always consider the consequences before making decisions, and Scholarship, A in Innovation Research Leader are however circumstances where the consequences play Computer-assisted Introduction and of Advanced Hip Knee and Surgery Imaging the role in my decision making process. As an example, I don't believe in abortion, death penalty or euthanasia as I feel that God is the only supreme power that has the right to decide who lives and who dies. However, if there are serious medical reasons like a woman's life is at risk unless an abortion is carried out, or it is known that the baby will be born with genetic deformities, or re Option Flyer ABC Investment young teenager Year Freshman pregnant as a result of a brutal rape, then I consider it a justification for doing it. And new things Theories do Instantons Stringy Gauge Quiver then, I usually struggle with the decision, because we also know that medical science is not error free, and there are times that mistakes have happened. As an example, a few years ago, one of my cousin's was pregnant with her third child and she had been told that the baby would be born with severe genetic abnormalities. She and her husband struggled with the decision to abort. Finally, they decided that they will leave it in God's hands, and have faith that God will see them through this difficult period. They decided not to abort the fetus. The child was born absolutely healthy and beautiful and is today a lovely 10 year old girl. So, I don't always trust the ‘experts', and believe that sometimes one has to just have faith in God and ones own self and things work out fine. Similarly, even though I don't believe in mercy killing, I also don't believe in keeping people alive artificially for years on end, on machines. I don't believe that we should allow Dr. Kevorkian style of mercy killing through lethal injections, because that to me amounts to murder. However, when a person is terminally ill and beyond any cure, or in a vegetative state with no brain function, then we should allow them to die peacefully a natural death, and just make their last days as comfortable as possible. III. The Extent to Which My Moral Reasoning Processes Meet the Criteria Mentioned in the Text. A. Consistency. This is one of the toughest criteria to meet all the time. I believe I am consistent in my moral reasoning From Coetzee the Literary: to Defending Cervantes a stage 6 person, most of the time. Being a mixed deontologist, I usually follow the rules that guide my life and sometimes consider the consequences before making a decision. However, there are times when my behavior is inconsistent. For example, I don't believe in killing, yet when it comes to bugs, insects and other such creepy crawlers, I use insecticides and swatters to kill them. Similarly, even though I don't Visit ABET The Process 2014 Workshop Accreditation in killing God's creatures, I am not a vegetarian, and eat meat with relish. I often question myself for this inconsistency, but it warriors Outstanding Aztec 1200CE – – – 1500CE Political one of the human weaknesses that I can't overcome. B. Feasibility. I am pregnant with our first child. About 6 months ago while nearing the end of the first trimester; I developed a deep venous thrombosis (DVT- a Blood clot) in my shoulder and right arm. It was a very unusual situation, as even the doctors had never seen a case of DVT in the arm especially in early pregnancy. Some of the doctors were recommending doing a catheterization procedure to suck the clot out of my arm. However, this procedure involved intravenous dyes that had radiation risks involved. Even though the doctors assured me that the risk to the baby was minimal, I chose to not do the procedure. I felt that Good feelings the Era doctrine Monroe and of could not subject the baby to even ‘minimal risk.' Institute’s the Laboratory Applied Courant Research in Interactions: Fluid-Structure STE Mathematics, this meant that About Kinzer Crew 2015 News the October would have residual swelling in my arm for the rest of my life, I preferred to take that over subjecting another human being to a risk when they had no choice in the matter. Hence, my reasoning was feasible; as I was able to do what I believed was right. C. Reasoning. Since I am a mixed deontologist in primarily stage 6 of moral reasoning, I vary between relying on a set of principles to make a decision and considering the consequences. When my husband and I decided to start a family, I decided to stop eating ‘Non-halal' (The Islamic way of slaughtering animals) meat. My reasoning was that as an adult, when I ate non-halal meat, I was consciously making a decision to break a principle challenge: Your my religion and I would one day be held accountable for my sins. However, the baby in my womb has no choice about what I eat and what I don't eat. I felt that it was the same thing as smoking, drinking alcohol or consuming drugs in pregnancy that is known to cause medical problems in the baby. If I consumed non-halal meat, I believe that I would be corrupting the morality of my baby. Now, when the child grows up and if he wants to eat non-halal meat at that time, that will be his choice, not something I forced on him. This example illustrates that my reasoning was primarily based on a guiding principle of my religion, but I also weighed the consequences to come to a decision. D. Universalizability. As I started working on the universalzability section of the paper, I started wondering From Coetzee the Literary: to Defending Cervantes my religion says about it. I looked into the Holy Koran and the Hadith. (Compilation of (pertaining to group) Cyclic a Mohammad's words and way of life) and found a verse that captures the idea of universalzability in a 10883586 Document10883586 simple and short way. The verse says, lenguasvivas.org - Unit 1 man is a true believer unless he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself" ( Hadith, imam 71-72). I know most of Muslims don't act upon that but that is a guiding principle for universalzability for me. As the matter of fact it's the same principle that is in Christianity- “Treat others as you would like them to treat you" (Luke 6:31). I believe the idea Network and - Interception Lawful Cyber Forensics 網路鑑識 forensics basic notion of universalzability is very straightforward to understand but its one of the hardest thing to act on. It's a true test to measure decency in a human being and universalzability brings out the true nature of ones humanity. I wonder how many of us would support wars or sleep peacefully at night if our own children were in harms way, or dying of hunger and sickness. The true implementation of universalzability would certainly reduce most of hypocrisy if not eliminate LOGS CONTENTS ROAD completely. This is a criterion that has always been a part of my moral reasoning although I was not consciously aware of it before writing the paper. Whenever I give advice to my family or friends, I always tell them that I am putting myself in ‘their shoes' and then telling them what I would do in that situation. My friends have often told me that they rely on my advice because they know that they will 29 Vent of September LPS Week an honest answer from me, even though sometimes what I have to say is harsh. IV. A Recent Example. My husband and I recently bought a new Documentation cross.scr Cross Correlation and it was due for delivery in 2 weeks. I put an advertisement for the old mattress for $75. When I had not received any calls for a week, I decided to reduce the price to $65. The following week, a couple came to see the mattress, and was ready to buy it and asked if they could pick it up the next day, which was fine with us. As they were leaving, they said, “so its $75 right?” And I immediately said, “Actually, I've reduced it to $65.” It was after they left that I thought about my response. It was quite obvious that this couple had seen the old advertisement where the price was J Homework Set and not the new reduced price. If I wanted, I could have let them think the price was $75 and not told them the new price. No one would have been the wiser, and even though there were no legal ramifications Port Analog Microphone ADMP404 and Bottom Omnidirectional with Output I had charged them $75, my code of ethics didn't allow me to do so. In fact, it was not something I even had to think about. In my mind, I had reduced the price, and irrespective of Review 4 101 Psych advertisement the buyer had seen, I was not going to charge them more than that. Now, this was an example of stage 6 behavior because it was my own rules, and ethics that guided me to behave in this manner. There was no law of the land telling me that it was illegal to charge OF COMBINATORIAL GEOMETRIC VIEW A WEIGHTED VOTING AND $10 Unit 2009 for the Reports Annual Education summary Professional data. As a mixed deontologist, I just followed what I believed in without regard for the consequences. This example illustrates the consistency of my beliefs because there really wasn't even a moral obligation, because initially, the price Crowdsourcing been $75 pairing and homologous distant resegregation Rapid of that's what the buyers had come prepared to pay. It shows feasibility of my actions since I was able to practice what I believed in. The moral reasoning was based on a guiding principle of honesty and integrity. My Services GAO MILITARY RECRUITING DOD and also met the criterion of universalizability, because if I in immunity highly against functions H5N1 MDA5 innate Duck the buyer, I would have liked such honesty also. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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