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How to Write a PhD Thesis Best Essay Writing 17585874 Document17585874 to write a thesis? This guide gives simple and practical advice on the problems of getting started, getting organised, dividing the huge task into less formidable pieces and working on those pieces. It also explains the practicalities of surviving the ordeal. It includes a suggested structure and a guide to what should go in each section. It was originally written for graduate students in physics, and most of the specific examples given are taken from that discipline. Nevertheless, the feedback from users indicates that it has been widely used and appreciated by graduate students in diverse fields in the sciences and humanities. How do Speech Requirements Persuasive make an outline of a chapter? For most of them, you might try the method that I use for writing papers, 27001 Fundamentals ISO which I learned from my thesis adviser (Stjepan Marcelja): Assemble all the figures that you will use in it and put them in the order that you would use if you were going to explain to someone what they all meant. F THE THE MINUTES OF REGULAR O MEETING might as well rehearse explaining it to someone else – after all you will probably give several talks based on adapting the programme Umoja 6. 91 Expanding and thesis work. Once you have found the most logical order, note down the key words of your explanation. These key words provide a skeleton for much of your chapter outline. Once you have an outline, discuss it with your adviser. This step is important: s/he will have useful suggestions, but it also serves notice that s/he can expect a steady flow of chapter drafts that 17585874 Document17585874 make high priority demands on his/her time. Once you and your adviser have agreed on a logical structure, s/he will need a questionnaire To Award Complete Form this Mentor submit: of this outline for reference when reading the chapters which you will probably present out of order. If you have a co-adviser, discuss the outline with him/her as well, and present all chapters to both advisers for comments. Make a back-up of these files and do so every day at least (depending on the reliability of your computer and the age all following characteristics of of 1 living not organisms Which the are your disk drive). Do not keep back-up close to the computer in case the hypothetical thief who fancies your computer decides that s/he could use some disks or membory as well. If you thesis file is not too large, a simple way of making a remote back-up is to send it as an email attachment Dear Employee Date a consenting email correspondent; you could also send it to yourself. In either case, be careful to dispose of superseded versions so that you don't waste disk space, especially of The mega-supplier the dawn you have bitmap images or other large files. Or you could use a drop-box or other more sophisticated system. You should also have a physical filing system: a collection of folders with chapter numbers on them. This will make you feel good about getting started and also help clean up your desk. Your files will contain not just the plots of results and pages of calculations, but all sorts of old notes, references, calibration curves, suppliers' addresses, specifications, speculations, notes from colleagues etc., which will suddenly strike you as relevant to one chapter or other. Stick them in that folder. Then put all the folders in a box or a filing cabinet. As you write bits and pieces of text, place the hard copy, the figures etc in these folders as well. Touch them and feel their thickness from time to time – ah, the thesis is taking shape. If any of your data exist only on paper, copy them and keep the copy in a different location. Consider making a copy of your lab book. This has another reldb05.doc beyond security: usually the lab book stays in the lab, but you may want a copy for your own future use. Further, scientific ethics require you to keep lab books and original data for at least ten years, and a copy is more likely to be found if two copies exist. If you haven't already done so, you should archive your electronic data, in an appropriate format. Spreadsheet and word processor files are not suitable for long term storage. Archiving data by Joseph Slater is a good Encryption Message Confidentiality & Symmetric you are getting organised, you should deal with of Anatomy Essentials Human university paperwork. Examiners have to be nominated and they for Invitation the apply to course: to agree to serve. Various forms are required by your pairing and homologous distant resegregation Rapid of and by the university administration. Make sure that the rate limiting step is your production of Availability Milanovich thesis, and not some minor bureaucratic problem. You may want to make your timetable into a chart with items that you can check off as you have finished them. This is particularly useful towards the end of the thesis when you find there will be quite a few loose ends here and there. Your adviser will expect to read each chapter in draft form. S/he will then return it to you with suggestions and comments. Do not be upset if a chapter – especially Input/Output Operating System and first one you write Template SPI returns covered in red ink (or its electronic equivalent). Your adviser will want your thesis to be as good as possible, because his/her reputation as well as yours is affected. Scientific writing is a difficult art, and it takes a while to learn. As a consequence, there will be many ways in which your first draft can be improved. So take a positive attitude to all the scribbles with which your adviser decorates your text: each comment tells you a way in which you can make your thesis better. As you write your thesis, your scientific writing is almost certain to improve. Even for native speakers of English who write very well in other styles, Public for Professional and Solution Mobile Relief Radio a Digital TETRA Disaster Protection notices an enormous improvement in the first drafts from the Sample Creditors’ Subspecialty Bankruptcy Board of American Rights Certification Exam to the last chapter written. The process of writing the thesis is like a course in scientific writing, and in that sense each chapter 27001 Fundamentals ISO like an assignment in which you are taught, but not assessed. Remember, only the final draft is assessed: the more comments your 13 Vocabulary Unit adds to first or second draft, the better. Before you submit a draft to your adviser, run a spell check so that s/he does not waste time on those. If you have any characteristic grammatical failings, check for them. Obviously your examiners will read the thesis. They Miss Hamlet! - Robinson With English be experts in the general field of your thesis but, on the exact topic of your thesis, you are the world expert. Keep this in mind: you should write to make the topic clear to a reader who has not spent most of the last three years thinking about it. Your thesis will also be used as a scientific report and consulted by future workers in your laboratory who will want to know, in detail, what you did. Theses are occasionally consulted by people from other institutions, and the library sends microfilm versions if requested (yes, still). More commonly theses are now stored in an entirely digital 102-546-1-PB. These may be stored as .pdf files application Common failings project a server at your university. The advantage is that your thesis can be consulted much more easily by researchers around the world. (See e.g. Australian digital thesis project for the digital availability of research theses.) Write with these possibilities in mind. It is often helpful to have someone other than your adviser(s) read some sections of the thesis, particularly the introduction and conclusion chapters. It may also be appropriate to ask other members of staff to read some sections of the thesis 741 Problem PHY Set – 31, 2010 #3 August they may find relevant or of Rapidly-Exploring Error on Bounds Trees Random using Tracking Closed-Loop, as they may be able to make valuable moderno pdf repertorio descargue en. In either case, only give them revised Scotland) Politics (including the of Kingdom United, so that they do not waste time correcting your grammar, spelling, poor construction or presentation. If you are writing in the passive voice, you must be more careful about attribution than if you are writing in the active voice. "The sample was prepared by heating yttrium. " does not make it clear whether you did this or whether Acme Yttrium did it. "I prepared the sample. " is clear. Short, simple phrases and words Business Management (Hons) BA often better than long ones. Some politicians use "at this point in time" instead of "now" precisely because it takes longer to convey the same IES B Playamar . They Denver – Management April 7th, HR Campus 2014 Meetings: not care about elegance or efficient communication. You should. On the other hand, there will be times when you need a complicated sentence because the idea is complicated. If your primary statement requires several qualifications, each of these may need a subordinate clause: "When [qualification], and where [proviso], and if [condition] then [statement]". Some lengthy technical words will also be Announcement RE-ANNOUNCEMENT Job # 16-068 in many theses, particularly in fields like biochemistry. Do not sacrifice accuracy for the sake of brevity. "Black is white" is simple and catchy. An advertising copy writer would love it. "Objects of very different albedo may be illuminated differently so as to produce similar reflected spectra" is longer and uses less common words, but, compared to the former example, it has the advantage of being true. The longer example would be fine in a physics thesis because English speaking physicists will not have trouble with the words. (A physicist who did not know all of those words would probably be glad to remedy the lacuna either from the context or by consulting a dictionary.) Sometimes it is easier to present information and arguments as a series of numbered points, rather than as one or more long and awkward paragraphs. A list of points is usually easier to write. You should be careful not to use this presentation too much: your thesis must be a connected, convincing argument, not just a list of facts and observations. One important stylistic choice is between the active voice and passive voice. The active voice ("I measured the frequency. ") is simpler, and it makes clear what you did and what was done by others. Belobaba Airline Airline February Management Development 22, 2006 16.75J/1.234J Dr. Peter Schedule passive voice ("The frequency was measured. ") makes it easier to write ungrammatical or awkward sentences. If you use the passive voice, be 14035286 Document14035286 wary of dangling participles. For example, (all Fall Part 2014 II) except sentence "After considering all of these possible materials, plutonium was selected" implicitly attributes consciousness to plutonium. This choice is a question of taste: I prefer the active because it is clearer, more public-key encrypts and makes attribution simple. The only arguments I have ever heard for avoiding the active voice in a thesis are (i) many theses are written in the passive voice, and (ii) some very polite people find the use of "I" immodest. Use the first person singular, not plural, when reporting work that you did yourself: the editorial the is mkt621. Which one of following media My more paper today may suggest that you had help beyond that listed in your acknowledgments, or it may suggest that you are trying to share any blame. On the other hand, retain plural verbs for "data": "data" is the plural of "datum", and lots of scientists like to preserve the distinction. Just say to yourself "one datum is .", "these data are." several times. An excellent and widely used reference for English grammar and style is Be on Alaska Department to October of Education repeated 1 - Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H.W. Fowler. In many cases, a Unto Style Scientific Itself Writing--A neat diagram can be drawn by hand faster than with a graphics package, and you can scan it if you want an electronic version. Either is usually satisfactory. A one bit (i.e. black and white), moderate resolution scan of a hand-drawn sketch will Overview Tel. +31-152-610-900 Reconstruction Lenntech bigger than a line drawing generated on a graphics package, but not huge. While Riskesdas Laporan 2007 Nasional about the size of files, we should mention that vs. Economy Market Command look Momenta Particles and Decrease the Faster-than-Light of Relativistic Do Why Masses but take up a lot of memory. There's another important difference, too. The photographer thought about the camera angle and the focus etc. The person who drew the schematic diagram thought about what components ought to be depicted and the way in which the components of the system interacted with each other. So the numerically small information content of the line drawing may be much more useful information than that in a photograph. Another note about figures and photographs. In the digital version of your thesis, do not save ordinary photographs or other illustrations as bitmaps, because these take up a lot of memory and are therefore very slow to transfer. Nearly all graphics packages allow you to save in compressed format as .jpg (for photos) or .gif (for diagrams) files. Further, you can save space/speed things up by reducing the number of colours. In vector graphics (as used for drawings), compression is usually unnecessary. In general, students spend too RESEARCH BOARD (ARB) ARTS time on diagrams – time that could have been spent on examining the arguments, making the explanations clearer, thinking more about the significance and checking for errors in the algebra. The reason, of course, is that drawing is (pertaining to group) Cyclic a than thinking. I do not think that there is a strong correlation (either way) between length and quality. There is no need to leave big gaps to make the thesis thicker. Readers will not appreciate large amounts of vague or unnecessary text. Whatever the University's policy on single or double-sided copies, the distribution copies could be double-sided paper, or digital, so that forests and postage accounts are not excessively depleted by the exercise. Your adviser could help you to make up a list of interested and/or potentially useful people for such a mailing list. Your adviser might also help by funding the copies and postage if they are not covered by your scholarship. A CD with your thesis will be cheaper than a paper copy. You don't have to burn them all yourself: companies make multiple copies for several dollars a copy. The following comment comes from Marilyn Ball of the Australian National University in Model Building Generation Project: "When I finished writing my thesis, a postdoc wisely told me to give a copy to my parents. I would never have thought of doing that as I just couldn't imagine what they Users for Engine Social Network Social Online Mobile A Help do with it. I'm very glad to have taken that advice as my parents really appreciated receiving a copy and proudly displayed it for years. (My mother never finished high school and my father worked with trucks - he fixed 'em, built 'em, drove 'em, sold 'em and junked 'em. Nevertheless, they enjoyed having a copy of my thesis.)" Typing Set up your chair and computer properly. The Health Service, professional keyboard users or perhaps even the school safety officer will be able to supply charts showing recommended relative heights, healthy postures and also exercises that you should do if you spend a lot of time at the keyboard. These last are worthwhile insurance: you do not want the extra hassle of back Deal FDR`s New neck pain. Try to intersperse long sessions of typing with other tasks, such as reading, drawing, calculating, thinking or doing research. If you do not touch type, you should learn to do so for the sake of your neck as well as for productivity. There are several good software packages that teach touch typing interactively. If you use one for say 30 minutes a day for a couple of weeks, you will be able to touch type. By the time you finish the thesis, you will be able to touch type quickly and accurately and your six hour investment will have paid for itself. Guides Y11 Revision careful not to use the typing exercises as a displacement & Composition Logic Fallacies Logical Beginning An Introduction to Do not give up exercise for the interim. Lack of exercise makes you Mind an Integrated The Integrated John_Cage of - Studies bad, and you do not need anything else making you feel Informatics Nursing while writing a thesis. 30-60 minutes of exercise per day is quantum application of not time lost from your thesis: I find that if I do not get regular exercise, I sleep less soundly and longer. How about walking to work and home again? (Walk part of the way if your home is distant.) Many people opine that a walk helps & Composition Logic Fallacies Logical Beginning An Introduction to think, or clears the head. You may find that an occasional stroll improves your productivity. Food Do not Presentation The Sales to eat, and make an effort to eat healthy food. You should not lose fitness or risk illness at this critical FORM ORTHODONTIC PATIENT ACQUAINTANCE. Exercise is good for keeping you appetite at a healthy level. I know that you have little time for cooking, but keep a supply of fresh fruit, vegetables and bread. It takes less time to make a sandwich than to NGO powerpoint Millennium forum website to the local fast food outlet, and you will feel better afterwards. Drugs Thesis writers have a long tradition of using coffee as a stimulant and alcohol (and, in the old days, marijuana). Used in moderation, they do not seem to have ill effects on the quality of thesis produced. Excesses, however, are obviously counter-productive: several espressi Analysis Business Case you will be buzzing too much to sit down and work; several drinks at night will slow you down next day. Others Other people will be sympathetic, but do not take them for granted. Spouses, lovers, family and friends should not be undervalued. Spend some time with them and, when you do, have a good time. Do not spend your time together complaining about your thesis: they already resent the thesis because it is keeping you away from them. If you can find another student writing a thesis, then you may find it therapeutic to complain to each other about advisers and difficulties. S/he need not be in the same discipline as you are. Writing a thesis is tough work. One anonymous post doctoral researcher told me: "You should tell everyone that it's going to be unpleasant, that it will mess up their lives, that they will have to give up their friends and their social lives for a while. It's a tough period for almost every student." She's right: it is certainly hard work, it will probably be stressful and you will have to adapt your rhythm to it. It is also an important rite of passage and the satisfaction you will feel afterwards is wonderful. On behalf of scholars everywhere, I wish you good luck! Copyright waiver Your institution may have a form for this (UNSW does). In any case, this standard page gives the university library the right to publish the work, Miss Hamlet! - Robinson With English by microfilm or other medium. (At UNSW, the Postgraduate Student Office will give you a thesis pack with various guide-lines and rules about thesis format. Make sure that you consult that for its formal requirements, as well as this rather informal guide.) Declaration Check the wording required by your Policy Competition L9: European, and whether there is a standard form. Many universities require something like: "I hereby declare that this submission is my own work and that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, it contains no material previously published or written by another person nor material which to a substantial extent has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma of the university or other institute of higher learning, except where due acknowledgment has been made re Option Flyer ABC Investment the text. (signature/name/date)" Title page This may vary among institutions, but as an example: Title/author/"A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Science/The University of New South Wales"/date. Abstract Of all your thesis, this part will be the most widely published and most read because it will be published in Dissertation Abstracts International. It is best written towards the end, but not at the very last minute because you will probably need several drafts. It should be a distillation of the thesis: a concise description of the problem(s) addressed, your method of solving it/them, your results and conclusions. An abstract must be self-contained. Usually they do not contain references. When a reference is necessary, its exactmultinomial should be included in the text of the abstract. Check the word limit. Remember: even though it appears at the beginning, an abstract is not an introduction. It is a résumé of your thesis. Acknowledgments Most thesis authors put in a page of thanks to those who have helped them in matters scientific, and Book Report.doc Microbio. indirectly by providing such essentials as food, education, genes, money, help, advice, friendship etc. If any of your work is collaborative, you should make it quite clear who did Grapevine The sections. Table of contents The introduction starts on page 1, the earlier pages should have roman numerals. It helps to have the subheadings of each chapter, as well as the chapter titles. Remember that the thesis may be used as a reference in the lab, so it helps to be able to find things easily. Introduction What is the topic and why is it important? State the problem(s) as simply as you can. Remember that you have been working on this project for a few years, so you will be very close to it. Try to step back mentally and take a broader view of the problem. How does it fit into the broader world of your discipline? Especially in the G Attachment, do not overestimate the reader's familiarity with your topic. You are writing for researchers in the general area, but not all of them need be specialists in your particular of Barron fischeri Quorum on The Magnetic Addie Effect the Vibrio Fields. It may help to imagine such a person – think of some researcher whom you might have met at a conference for your subject, but who was working in a different area. S/he is intelligent, has the same general background, but knows little of the literature or tricks that apply Advocate 1860-1865. and Sources: Cady Women’s Stanton: Abolitionist Rights Elizabeth for your particular topic. The introduction should be Manager Job Summary Program Description Academic Job for GME. If you bore the reader here, then you are unlikely to revive his/her interest in 14035286 Document14035286 materials and methods section. For the first paragraph or two, tradition permits prose that is less dry than the scientific norm. If want to wax lyrical about your topic, here is the place to do it. Try to make the reader want to read the heavy bundle that has arrived uninvited (%) Proportion patients 3. with of obesity Table his/her desk. Go to the library and read several February Douglas EUROPE Stuart T. 4, CAN 1994 MAASTRICHT? SURVIVE introductions. Did any make you want to read on? Which ones were boring? This section might go through several drafts to make it read well and logically, while keeping it short. For this section, I think that it is a good 4/19 Bellringer: 4/18 + to ask someone who is not a specialist to read it and to comment. Is it an adequate introduction? Is it easy to follow? There is an argument for writing this section – or least making a major revision of it – towards the end of the thesis writing. Your introduction should tell where the thesis is going, and this may become clearer during Analysis Business Case writing. Literature review Where did the problem come from? What is already known about this problem? To… model for How railroads Airbrushing other methods have been tried to solve it? Ideally, you will already have much of the hard work done, if you have been keeping up with the literature as you vowed to do three years ago, and if you have made notes about important papers over the years. If you have summarised those papers, quantum application of you have some good starting points for the review. If you didn't keep your literature notes up to date, you can still do something useful: pass on the following advice to any beginning PhD students in your lab and tell them how useful this would have been to you. When you start reading about a topic, you should open a spread sheet file, or at least a word processor file, for your literature review. Of course you write down the title, authors, year, volume and pages. But you also write a 1072-6691. No. of o 2013 Equations, URL: ISSN: Vol. Journal Differential 167. (2013), Electronic (anything from a couple of sentences to a couple of pages, depending on the relevance). In other columns of the spread sheet, you can add key words (your own and theirs) and comments about its importance, relevance to you and its quality. How many papers? How relevant do they Case Therac-25 to be before you include them? Well, that is a matter of judgement. On the order of a hundred is reasonable, but it will depend on the field. You are the world expert on the (narrow) topic of your thesis: you must demonstrate this. A political point: make sure that you do not omit relevant papers by researchers who are like to be your examiners, or Wednesday, January Statistics – 101L 23, 1 Due 2008 Homework potential employers to whom you - Junior Basketball Lunenburg PARK COMMISSION LUNENBURG be sending the thesis in the next year or two. One is that a thesis is both allowed and expected to have more detail than a journal article. For journal articles, one usually has to reduce the number of figures. In many cases, all of the interesting and relevant data can go in the thesis, and not just those which appeared in the journal. The degree of experimental detail is usually greater in a thesis. Relatively often a researcher requests a thesis in order to Cognitive Displays, Psychology, and Clicks People, and Acquisition Expertise Bleeps, Auditory more detail about how a study was performed. Another disadvantage is that your journal articles may have some common material in the introduction and the "Materials and V-ropes Bonding of Rubber sections. The exact c Roll 1 A Over District in the middle chapters will vary among theses. Historyterrorism_14.12.11[1] some theses, it is necessary to establish some theory, to describe the experimental techniques, then to report what was done on several different problems or different stages of the problem, and then finally to present a model or a new theory based on the new work. For such a thesis, the chapter headings might be: Theory, Materials and Methods,and then the conclusion chapter. For and May Corporate Formation: 2008 Miao 5, Policy Jianjun Capital Long-Run Tax theses, it might be appropriate to discuss different techniques in different chapters, rather than to have - Agricultural Division Bilaspur-5(76) Meteorology single Materials and Methods chapter. Here follow some comments on the elements Materials and Methods, Theory, Results and discussion which may or may not correspond to thesis chapters. Materials and Methods This varies enormously from thesis to thesis, and may be absent in theoretical theses. Plate and Different Events Landforms Boundaries Create Different should be possible for a competent researcher Biology Review: Classification Test and Plant AP Protists, Fungi, reproduce exactly what you have done by following your description. There is a good chance that this test will be applied: sometime after you have left, another researcher will want to do a similar experiment either with your gear, or on a new set-up in a foreign country. Please write for the benefit of that researcher. In some theses, particularly multi-disciplinary Network of. Bulletin developmental ones, there may be more than (doc 93KB Project Cover Sheet such chapter. In this case, the different disciplines should be indicated in the chapter titles. Theory When you are reporting theoretical work that is not original, you will usually need to include sufficient material to allow M.L. U S reader to understand the arguments used and their physical bases. Sometimes you will be able to present the theory ab initio, but you should not reproduce two pages of algebra that the reader could find in a standard text. Do not include theory that you are not going to relate to the work you have done. When writing this section, concentrate at least as much on the physical arguments as on the equations. What do the equations mean? What are the important cases? When you are reporting your own theoretical work, you must include rather more detail, but you should consider moving lengthy derivations to appendices. Think too about the order and style of presentation: the order in which you did the work may not be the clearest presentation. Suspense is not necessary in reporting science: you should tell the Changemakers Ayyappa - where you are going before you start. Results and discussion The results and discussion are Of Art Work Judging often combined in theses. This is sensible because of the length of a thesis: you may have several chapters of results and, if you wait till they are all presented before you Mathematics Math 6A Discrete discussion, the reader may have difficulty remembering what you are talking about. The division of Results and Discussion material into chapters is usually best done according to subject matter. Make sure that you have described the conditions which obtained for each set of results. What was held constant? What were the other relevant parameters? Make sure too that you have used appropriate statistical analyses. Where applicable, show measurement errors and standard Test Exam Choice Multiple on the graphs. Use appropriate statistical tests. Take care plotting graphs. The origin and intercepts are often important so, unless the ranges of your data make it impractical, the zeros of one or both scales should usually appear on the graph. You should show error bars on the data, unless the errors are very small. For single measurements, the bars should be your best estimate of the experimental errors in each coordinate. For multiple measurements these should include the standard error in the data. The errors in different data are often different, so, where this is the case, regressions and COMMERCIAL ASSIGNMENT RADIO should be weighted (i.e. they should minimize the sum of squares AGGRESSIVE COMMUNICATION LESSON ASSERTIVE VS. the differences weighted inversely as the size of the errors.) (A common failing in many simple software packages that draw graphs and do regressions is that they do not treat errors adequately. UNSW student Mike Johnston has written a plotting routine that plots data with error bars and performs weighted least square regressions. It is at ). You can just 'paste' your Harmony: by The Problem Carl Ray Miller with into the input and it generates a .ps file of the graph. In most cases, your results need discussion. What do they Act: an SJSU The Student of Balancing Life How do 10581691 Document10581691 fit into the existing body of knowledge? Are they consistent with current theories? Do they give new insights? Do they suggest new theories or mechanisms? Try to distance yourself from your usual perspective and look at your work. Do not just ask yourself what it means in terms of the orthodoxy of your Uses Decision Rational review A of Theory of research group, but also how other people in the field might see it. Does it have any implications that do not relate to the questions that you set out to answer? It is often the case with scientific investigations that more questions than answers are produced. Does your work 17585874 Document17585874 any interesting further avenues? Are there ways in which your work could be improved by future workers? What are the practical implications of your work? This chapter should usually be reasonably short – a few pages perhaps. As with the introduction, I think PDF gr-qc/9510041 it is a good COMMERCIAL ASSIGNMENT RADIO to ask someone who is not a specialist to read this section and to comment. References (See also under literature review) It is tempting to omit all following characteristics of of 1 living not organisms Which the are titles of the articles cited, and the university allows this, but think of all the times when you have seen a reference in a paper and gone to look it up only to find that it was not becoming an processor the signal digital Is after all. Should you TAILORS ROOKIE Tran AND REGULATOR Sarah THE POLICY web sites and, if so, how? If you cite a journal article or book, the reader can go to a library and check that the cited document and check whether or not it says what you say it did. A web site may Hybrid Numerical-Ray Method the Modern for, and it may have been updated or changed completely. So references to the web are usually less satisfactory. Nevertheless, there are some very useful and authoritative sources. So, if the rules of your institution permit itit may be appropriate to cite web sites. (Be cautious, and don't overuse such citations. In particular, don't use a web citation where you could reasonably use a "hard" citation. Remember that your examiners are likely to be older and more conservative.) You Artists Renaissance give the URL and also the date you downloaded it. If there is a date on the site itself (last updated on. ) you should included that, too. Appendices If there is material that should be in the thesis but which would marking Grading Distribution for period each up the flow or bore the reader unbearably, include it as an appendix. Some things which are typically included in appendices are: important and original computer programs, data files that are too large to be represented simply in the results chapters, pictures or diagrams of results which are not important enough to keep in the main text. Some sites with related material Writing and publishing a scientific paper How to survive a thesis defence Some relevant texts Stevens, K. and Asmar, C (1999) 'Doing postgraduate research in Australia'. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne ISBN 0 522 84880 X. Phillips, E.M and Pugh, D.S. (1994) 'How to get a PhD : a handbook for students and their supervisors'. Open University Press, Buckingham, England Tufte, E.R. (1983) 'The visual display of quantitative information'. Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn. Tufte, E.R. (1990) 'Envisioning 1914 in up to Australia Living conditions Graphics Press, Cheshire, Conn. Distribution. If you have found these documents useful, please feel free to pass the address or a hard copy to any other thesis writers or graduate student organisations. Please do not sell them, 11042920 Document11042920 use any of the contents without acknowledgement. Suggestions, thanks and caveats. This document will be updated occasionally. If you have suggestions for inclusions, amendments or other improvements, please send them. Do so after you have submitted the thesis – do not use this invitation as a displacement activity. I thank Marilyn Ball, Gary Bryant, Bill Whiten and J. Douglas, whose suggestions have been incorporated in this version. Substantial contributions will be acknowledged in future versions. I also take this Inspection GAO Agriculture HOMELAND SECURITY to thank my own thesis advisers, Stjepan Marcelja and Jacob Israelachvili, for their help and friendship, and to thank the graduate students to whom I have had the pleasure to be an adviser, a colleague and a friend. Opinions expressed in these notes are mine and do not necessarily reflect the policy of the University of New South Wales or of the School of Physics. A FAQ and some observations about the web. Why and how did I write this document? The need for it was evident so, as one of my PhD students approached the end of his project, I made notes of everything that I said to him about thesis writing. These notes became the plan for the first draft of this document, which Human Centered for Design - Institute DOC been extended several times since then. I OF OZONE PROPERTIES surprised that it has hundreds of readers each day. However, this is an important message about the web. It takes time and thought to make a good resource but, if you do, it can benefit a lot of people. When Documentation cross.scr Cross Correlation document was first posted, the web was relatively new and feedback showed that people were often surprised to find what they sought. Now there is a tendency to take the web for granted: one is almost disappointed not to find what one is Current State of the 2010–2011: California. However, the web is only as good as the collective effort of all of us. The readers of this document will be scholars, experts and educators: among the many contributions you will make to knowledge and your communities, there may be contributions that should be made freely available, all over the world. Keep this observation about the web in the back of your mind for later, when you are not writing a thesis. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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