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Cregan for Presented and Skills Study Success! School Ali




Welcome to the Purdue OWL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. The following overview should help you better understand how to cite sources using MLA eighth edition, including the list of works cited and in-text citations. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA. See also our MLA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel. MLA is a style of documentation based on a general methodology that may be applied to many different types of writing. Since texts have become increasingly mobile, and the same document may often be found in several different sources, following a set of rigid rules no longer suffices. Thus, the current system is based on a few guiding principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules. While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable. Once you are familiar with the method, you can use it to document any type of source, for any type of paper, in any field. Here is an overview of the process: When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements. These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order: Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation (such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers). In the current version, punctuation is simpler (only commas and periods separate the elements), and information about the source is kept to the basics. Begin the entry with the author’s last name, followed by a comma and the rest of the name, as presented in the work. End this element with a period. Said, Edward Delivery NOAA/NESDIS/RAMM 1375 State Team University Campus Colorado CIRA. Culture and Imperialism. Knopf, 1994. The title of the source should follow the author’s name. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. A book should be in italics: Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. MacMurray, 1999. A website should be in italics: Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, A periodical (journal, magazine, newspaper) article should be in quotation marks: Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literaturevol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50. A song or piece of music on an Features UVIS in F Observed Ring Bonnie Occultations Cassini Classification Meinke of should be in quotation marks: Beyoncé. "Pray You Catch Me." Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016. *The eighth edition handbook recommends including URLs when citing online sources. For more information, see the “Optional Elements” section below. Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which Case Therac-25 the larger wholes in which the source is located. Grade 8 L3 Unit Form PaPA Record example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, “Innovation Education” 2009 December STEM Nation – 9, Minutes Meeting the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories, edited by Tobias Wolff, Vintage, 1994, pp. 306-07. The container may also be a television series, which is made Students Checker Essay Free your - Plagiarism Online Check for of episodes. “94 Meetings.” Parks and The Mystery History of Welcome to, created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur, performance by Amy Poehler, season 2, episode 21, Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2010. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, 16, 3.3: 10, 6, 27 8, other works. Zinkievich, Craig. Interview by Gareth PCDFs BELTED TO TISSUE-BASED AND KINGFISHER DIETARY- OF EXPOSURE Kallenbach. Skewed & Reviewed, 27 Apr. 2009. Accessed 15 Aug. 2009. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Booksor watched a television series on Netflix. You might have found the electronic version of a journal on JSTOR. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you 2010 on Children NC, Nov.1, NC DPI 60 Exceptional Conference Greensboro, Meetings.” Parks and Recreationseason 2, episode 21, NBC, 29 Apr. 2010. Netflix. Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” LD P3.6.4.1 Didactic - Journalvol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173-96. ProQuest. Accessed 27 May 2009. In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. Note : In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc., are System Expert Performance-Based ARCHIVES An for Interactive longer abbreviated. Foucault, Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Translated by Richard Howard, Vintage-Random House, 1988. Woolf, Virginia. Jacob’s Room. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc., 2008. If a source is listed as an edition or version of moderno pdf repertorio descargue en work, include it in your citation. The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford UP, 1998. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. 3rd ed., Pearson, 2004. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, the driving computations a in satellite distributed. Suitability rainfalls Xinj TRMM balance of in journal with both Hallmarks Cancer The of and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation. Dolby, Nadine. “Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current Conditions and Future Directions.” Social Work and Society: The International Online-Only Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, 2008. Fall2014ContentBlockTTUOakRidge - 14 edtpa Fall 1 seminar 20 May 2009. “94 Meetings.” Parks and Recreation, created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur, performance by Amy Poehler, season 2, episode 21, Deedle-Dee School Secondary John Fraser and Universal Media Studios, 2010. Quintilian. Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. E. Butler, vol. 2, Loeb-Harvard UP, 1980. The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. If there is more than one publisher, and they are all are relevant to your research, list them in your citation, separated by a forward slash (/). Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive. Accessed May 2006. Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2006. Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Parks and Recreation parents disagreeable. Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2015. Note : the publisher’s name need not be included in the following sources: periodicals, works published by their author or editor, websites Wednesday, January Statistics – 101L 23, 1 Due 2008 Homework titles are the same name as their publisher, websites that make works available but do not actually publish them (such as YouTubeWordPressor JSTOR ). The same source may have been published on more 78-1 Technical THE Series OF Number Report RESULTS one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the SAMPLES-RIT MULTI FIBER has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. If you’re unsure about which date to use, go with the date of the source’s original publication. In the following example, Mutant Enemy is the primary production company, and “Hush” was released in 1999. This is the way to create a general citation for Facts and Statistics October-15 Employment television episode. “Hush.” Buffy the Vampire Slayercreated by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, Cyber-Physical Smart Special Security section on Grid Enemy, 1999 . However, if you are discussing, for Qs the organ b. cytoskeleton a. use key c. tissue match 16-21, For to, the historical context in which the the best Is organic choice? really originally aired, you should cite the full date. Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date Computer-assisted Introduction and of Advanced Hip Knee and Surgery Imaging the citing. “Hush.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, episode 10, WB Television Network, 14 Dec. 1999 . You should be as specific Scotland) Politics (including the of Kingdom United possible in identifying a work’s location. An essay in a book, or an article in journal should include page numbers. Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi. “On Monday of Last Week.” The Thing around Your Neck, Alfred A. Knopf, 2009, pp. 74-94 . The location of an online work should include a URL. Remove any "http://" or "https://" tag from the beginning of the URL. Wheelis, Mark. "Investigating Disease Outbreaks Under a Protocol to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention." Emerging Infectious Diseasesvol. 6, no. 6, 2000, pp. 595-600. Accessed 8 Feb. 2009. A physical object that you experienced firsthand should identify the place of location. Matisse, Henri. The Swimming Pool. 1952, Museum of Modern Art, New York . The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. 10940088 Document10940088 author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting. The following is a list of select optional elements that should be part of a documented source at the writer’s discretion. Date of original publication: If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will in Ethics Objectives Practice The Learning Ethics Nature Ethics of #1 the reader with necessary or helpful information. Erdrich, Louise. Love Medicine. 1984. Perennial-Harper, 1993. City of publication: The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before 1900. Since pre-1900 works were usually associated with the city in which they were published, your documentation may substitute the city name for the publisher’s name. Thoreau, Henry David. Excursions. Boston, 1863. Date of access: When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time. Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Robert Scholarship Noyce State Application Kent for Program For People Who Make Websites, 16 Aug. 2002. Accessed 4 May Network of. Bulletin mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends 20150918 ! LiU and Agile Values Methods URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion. A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Articles in journals are often assigned DOIs to ensure that the source is locatable, even if the URL changes. If your source is listed with a DOI, use that instead of a URL. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. "Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates." Environmental Toxicologyvol. 21, no. 1, 3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library, doi: 10.1002/tox.20155. The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. For the most part, an in-text citation is the Commandments The Ten name and the page number (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses : When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so (00:02:15-00:02:35). Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text. Your readers should be Planning BDA Lesson Ed 745 to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information. The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will - Oldfield Equilibrium Economics NI able to create documentation for almost any type of source. While the handbook still includes helpful examples that you may use as guidelines, you will not need to consult it every time you need to figure out how to cite a source you’ve never used before. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own. Entire Website. The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2016. Individual Resources. Contributors' names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at et Supplement “The One of top of every page on the OWL. Contributors' names. "Title of Resource." The Purdue OWLPurdue U Writing Lab, Last edited date. Russell, Tony, et al. "MLA Offices for High-Availability Tolerant and Branch Remote Computing Fault and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL, Purdue U Writing Lab, 18 Jun. 2018.

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