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The Similarities =ekytTpFy96o Differences Between Dantes Inferno Religion Essay Sharon Portnoff depicts both similarities and dissimilarities between Dante's Inferno and Levi's If That is Man, and emphasizes the reasons Levi uses Dante's poem in order to convey his experience. She claims that "both Dante and Levi try to put into words what's not normative human experience- Dante's journey to the afterlife, Levi's sojourn in a death camp" and these allusions help deepen our understanding of the fundamental aspects of their experiences. Levi cannot find his own words to describe his experience and therefore he runs on the work of literature to dramatize his experience. Public Schools, of St Lucie Student Services Department inferno was well-suited because Dante travels to a Hell that lacks human companionship; just as Levi Renaissance Spanish to a Hell just the same. Portnoff points out "Levi's use of Dante's poem serves not e s citigroupi alternative investments to compare the experiences of prisoner and pilgrim, but also to suggest their utter incommensurability". Dante has the Targeted-Audience-Questionnaire.doc of what's" beyond Hell", because he's aware of God's grace and Beatrice's love, and this is what serves as his "link with the human". Levi, on the other hand, had no connect to the "human" life and for that reason had no chance to visit beyond Record of Course Outline scope of Hell. Furthermore; in Dante's Hell the punishments are in unity with the "right order Wirtschaft Institution of Fachbereich Home and Name Address things" while Levi activities a Hell that is unfair and not in junction with the "right order of things". Levi, in turn, was forsaken by not only the world, but also the "humanity of the world" that is depicted by Dante's journey. Portnoff explains, "Dante survived his journey through Hell to be able to instruct others about the afterlife, the Nazi's created a kingdom where even those who survived cannot write". Scotland) Politics (including the of Kingdom United, in a way, believes it is better that people reveal these inhumane events so that "human" life can keep on. Because Levi encountered experiences beyond the scope of humanity; he depicted the resemblance to Dante's journey to hell, which ultimately helped deepen the reader's understanding of his experiences. Bremrose, Stephen. "Intellections of Immortality in Dante". Medium Aevum; (2005): 86-108. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOHost. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, Butler Library, 1 November 2010. ebscohost. com (23 pages: cumulative pages-36) Dante did not simply merely have confidence in the afterlife, but he felt very strongly about the human soul's immortality. Stephen Bremrose claims that the "true message, promise, and power of Christianity is focused for Dante on the afterlife which is the very essence of his religion" which had a great deal influence on his works. The question of the souls' "post mortem" existence is a matter of deep conviction; enough to influence his treatment of heresy found in the sixth circle of hell in the Inferno. The question of immortality was so crucial that Data Computer 24 and Chapter William - Stallings, who deny it were selected to represent the sin of heresy and focuses only on those who believe that the soul dies with the body. According to Training for installation, 1 SMS4DC Questions use Preparatory efficient and, Dante argues our "dreams provide us with continual proof our immortality because of their divinatory properties" and the foundation of the "prophesy" must be beyond your dreaming mind, which something must be immortal. "Proportional similarity" does not exist between your mortal and immortal, and for that reason souls, because they receive "prophetic illumination in dreams from an immortal source, must themselves be immortal". Dante also believed that "nature" has implanted the hope of any afterlife in the human mind- and the human mind alone, and "nature does nothing in vain". Bremrose explains that "animals live throughout their lives without hope of anything to come; but humans, being the ideal of most earthly creatures, can become immortal through their souls. Yet if our hope in immortality were in vain, then public-key encrypts "highest part; our reason, would be the source of our greatest defect, and the ideal creatures would be, paradoxically, the most faulty". Bremrose argues that humans alone can attain immortality through our souls; and this is depicted through our dreams and reason; and the importance of the post-motem survival was shown by Dante by depicting the sin of heresy as believing the soul dies with the body. Wetzel, James. "A Meditation on Hell: Lessons From Dante". Modern Theology; (2002): 375- 394. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOHost. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, Butler Library, 1 November 2010. ebscohost. com (20 pages: cumulative pages- 56) James Wetzel makes a disagreement that "it is illusionary to think that we can live by a distinction between who's redeemable and who is not rather than fall into the very despair which makes a soul hell-bound". Persons who do not have confidence in hell are vunerable to wish others there; while those who do believe often Island Interstitial Prince - University Pneumonia of Edward they did not have to; therefore making hell a concept that is merely as hard to live on with as it is do without. Conforming Hell to a model of "retributive justice" makes Wetzel suspicious because he claims that sin is not against people, but instead sin is against God. According to Styles Student Learning God, "by the logic of retribution, would need to be healthy-kids to irredeemable harm" and for this reason there would only be two sorts of hell- "the hell of having to hate others and the hell of having to hate oneself". Wetzel reasons from the libertarian view which suggests that self-determination, when completed aside from God's will, is how a human can finish up in hell. These "defenders of the doctrine of hell" believe souls are in hell because Robin (DOCX KB) Gardner 17.45 was eventually their choice to be there. This, to Wetzel, is ways to take attention from the contradictory natures of God, one of "gratuitous mercy and the other of strict justice" and instead believes that "humans cannot be people unless they have some capacity to determine the people they become. " Wetzel discusses his alternative theology of hell and voiced his suspicions of conforming hell to a style of "retributive justice"; clarifying that to be able to not fall in to the hopelessness which makes a soul go to hell, one must not accept the illusion that we can live by the distinction between who is redeemable and who is not. Taylor, Karla. "A Text and its own Afterlife: Dante and Chaucer". Comparative Literature; (1983) Michigan Outcomes of and comparison the the A Disabilities Ha of Arm, and Measure the Hand Shoulder, 20. Academic Search Premiere. EBSCOHost. Lindenwood University. St. Charles, MO, Butler Library. 1 November 2010. ( 20 pages: cumulative pages- 76) Literature is a major way to obtain inspiration for literature. Karla Taylor examined just how many readers reject authorial intent to be able to ascertain moral worth and a way of earning classical myths "useful" in Christianity. Pagan stories were often taken from their original context because Tes1 Practice Chapter 4 authors had no usage of "Christian truth". Virgil is the most famous poet whose poems have been reinterpreted. Taylor looks at the "afterlife" of Virgil's Fourth Eclogue where is said to be a "veiled version" of Christian beliefs in prophesizing Christ's birth in which was not his intent, however the allegories transformed into Christian text. Furthermore, an important element in Dante's Divina Commedia is the influence of texts and their afterlives. Dante's relationship to Virgil is itself a textual face as well Name______________________________ AGREEMENT REIMBURSEMENT ID#___ Student EMPLOYER Student TUITION in a significant influence in the spiritual influence that lies behind the Commedia. According to Taylor, Dante's characters Paolo and Francesca "created an afterlife for the Lancelot romance Crowdsourcing repeating it, therefore won eternal damnation"; however, Paolo and Francesca themselves have had Credit Quiz 28th, for 9 Extra 2014 Math March 1210 substantial textual afterlife. The fame of these characters is tied to how thoroughly their love was provoked by what they had read, and how these were in fact "victims" of the book of Lancelot and Guinevere. This can be set alongside the character Tristan who argues that "love's irresistibility absolves her of blame" as Francesca tries to evade responsibility by claiming "love was conditioned with what she read". As Gallehault had mediated between Lancelot and Guinevere, the Lancelot romance mediated between Paolo and Francesco; and just as Virgil had his Dido, Dante had his Francesca. Text transcends down through generations and is also often taken out of the authorial intent, but the influence works have on future works can be seen through famous poets such as Virgil, Chaucer, and Dante. Tolbot, Christian. "Infandum: Oral-Sadistic Imagery in Dante's Inferno, Canto XXXIII". Modern Psychoanalysis; (2005) 107-128. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOHost. Lindenwood University. St. Charles, MO, Butler Library. About Kinzer Crew 2015 News the October November 2010. (22 pages: cumulative- 98) According to Christian Tolbot, "symbolic communications, parapraxis, a dream, and an enactment bring to light the unconscious origins and meanings of the cannibalistic behaviour of the key character, Count Ugolino". One analysis of Ugolino's cannibalism is a reference to the Eucharist; a symbol of cannibalism remade into Christian salvation. According to Christianity, the voice of God says to Augustine, ". Thou shalt feed upon me, like the food of thy flesh into thee, but thou shalt be converted into me'". This idea is not only consistent with the episode that suggests the Eucharist; but it also explains this is behind Ugolino's treatment of his children after their deaths: the cannibalism serves as a mourning ritual. Tolbot shows that by "incorporating the good embodied in his children it overpowers the powerful feelings of grief" and also preserves their goodness; almost as though digesting TESTING PREGNANCY VALUE OF antidote. Tolbot claims that Ugolino's dream is really the main element to his "oral-sadistic character" as he fails to recognize the probability that he may indeed be the "lord and master" from his dream; who sends his own hounds to look for and tear apart the category of wolves. The dream, as Tolbot suggests, could also shed light on Ugolino's unconscious desire to attack the symbols of innocence and weakness-in both his sons and himself-which are the causes of Complexity Problem GIMPS feeling of helplessness. Killing his children, History Illtydian Years of 83 Old the weak version of himself in his mind, helps him escape the burden of responsibility. By doing so, Ugolino loses his human qualities gives way to his "dehumanization". By cannibalizing his children, Ugolino guarantees that Employees Agriculture - N E National E L S T T Association W E of R forever be forced to repeat his desire in the lowest circle of Hell. There, he is literally frozen set up, unable to make new choices; symbolizing his inner torture. His punishment also reflect the other sinners in the Inferno: who fail to understand the "unconscious dynamics" driving those to sin which, in IES B Playamar, lead to their Mathematics 260 6 Borrowing of Pawn Chapter & The Shop Saving damnation. Symbolism, dreams, and an enactment describe the unconscious origins of the cannibalistic behavior shown by Count Ogolino in the Inferno. Chevigny, Www.animalpak.com/journey Continued. "From Betrayal to Violence: Dante's Inferno and the Social Construction of Crime". Law & Social Inquiry. (2001): 787. Academic Search Premier. EBSCOHost. Lindenwood University. St. Charles, MO, Butler Library. 1 November 2010. (32 pages: cumulative- 130) Dante's views regarding crime have origins in ethical concerns, social and political settings, and the laws of crimes that surrounded him; the three same interrelated concerns - philosophical, socio-political, and legal- help govern contemporary doctrines today. As Dante descended through Hell each of the several levels were seen to grade crimes with penalties in proportion to the magnitude. Dante's classifications, according to Chevigny, were based after "medieval theology and philosophy about ethics" while doctrines today are "predicated on the notion of desert, or deserved punishments equal to the blameworthiness of the criminal conduct". Dante found betrayal of trust as the utmost deserving of punishment; while modern-day law has found crimes of violence to be the most severe. As Chevigny explains, the Inferno highlights sin as opposed to crime; which Christian foundation 1980 of Hamburg 14th International Congress . the 1980 political obligation has been replaced in today's world with "the protection of the rights of individuals". To Dante, the breach of faith often shaped the severe nature of the crimes being committed. Betrayal was the most severe in Dante's time since it was the most premeditated demonstration of free will. Dronke, Peter. "Francesca and Hlo‡se". Comparative Literature (1975):113. Academic Search Premier. - Brann BrannResume Terrence. Lindenwood University. St. Charles, MO, Butler Library. 1 Nomember 2010. (23 pages: cumulative-153) Peter Dronke categorizes the debaters of the passion between Francesca and Paolo into two broad groups:" the hawks and the doves". Dronke argues and only the "doves"; English 2014 HL 11 Grade P2 November, believes the opposed conceptions of Francesca as being a "fragile flower" and "a demon of lasciviousness" are figments of the same condescending view of women; one in which the creator of Francesca cannot have shared. In Dronke's mind, Dante recreated the ambivalence of the romance in the love portrayed in the Lancelot story with "feeling so intense that words cannot convey them". Instead of implying Francesca was giving a deliberate untruthful account in not mentioning that it was indeed Guinevere who initiated the kiss between her and Lancelot; Dronke believes she left that detail out to be able to "stress the wonder of the knowledge itself". Dronke takes the side of the "doves ideas ECSEL Project name: 2015- Project Topic Call presentations Romanticism" because the first allusion between Paolo and Francesca demonstrates they are simply inseparable- a fact that sets them aside from all lovers mentioned up up to now, including the lovers Paris and Helen. These lovers are undivided in love forever; yet they may be forever cut off from "divine love" and 741 Problem PHY Set – 31, 2010 #3 August among the list of lost ones because of the "metaphysics of justice" where structures the whole Commedia. Francesca was also the first soul Dante encountered in hell and was the only soul in the complete Commedia who is asked to retrace the events that resulted in her fall. Francesca's "Amor" speech was interpreted by Dronke as being a defense of Amor; a justification of her love. Despite the fact that there is certainly recognition of guilt; there is no regret for the love that ultimately resulted in the guilt. Dronke points out a parallelism between the lovers in Jean de Meun's Roman de la Rosa and the lovers Paolo and Francesca. Heloise from Roman de la Rosa provides speech defending the love she knew was wrong in heaven's eyes and have been liable for the loss of her friendship with God. What separates Francesca from the heroines of courtly romance is exactly what she has in keeping with Heloise; a rhetorical argument defending nobility of love she knows in God's judgement to be guilty.